Stairs

The right choice of steps on the stairs: 9 options

When installing steps, it is important to pay attention to their location and angle of inclination, since the safety of movement depends on this. When installing steps, it is important to pay attention to their location and angle of inclination, since the safety of movement depends on this.In a house with several floors, you simply cannot do without a staircase. It carries not only a functional, but also an aesthetic load. The correct choice of steps allows you to give the stairs a beautiful appearance and at the same time make it safe and easy to use. The choice of steps on the stairs should be taking into account what factors they will be exposed to: external or internal. 

Types of steps to the stairs

The step is the basis of the staircase, since it is it that forms the march. The ease of use of the structure is affected by the number of steps that make up the staircase. The steps are made and mounted in such a way that it is convenient and safe to move along them..

Any staircase structure has three components, which are the basis of the staircase and can be divided into four types.

To choose the appropriate type of steps, it is necessary to take into account the general style in the interior, as well as the type of staircase structure. It is quite possible to make and install the steps with your own hands, but it is important to remember that the walls to which the ladder will be attached must be strong and durable. In order for the movement to be comfortable, the steps must be located at the correct distance from each other..

Ordinary steps should be located at the same distance from each other, then movement along them will be comfortable Ordinary steps should be located at the same distance from each other, then movement along them will be comfortable

Types of steps:

  • Frieze. They represent the extreme element of the march. They can be top and bottom. The first is the end of the ladder and is attached to the top landing. The second (invitation) is attached to the site at the very beginning of the staircase. Two steps, an upper and a lower one, adjoin the floor on two tiers. The presence of a fascia step affects the ease in the design of the entire structure.
  • Privates. Steps that form a staircase. 
  • Straight. Such steps are characterized by the same depth along the length of the tread. Usually such feet are installed on marching stairs with straight ascents..
  • Zabezhnaya. If the staircase has rotary flights, then this type of steps is installed. The steps are characterized by different tread depths.

By type, the steps are closed and open. Various types allow you to choose a design of steps that will form a staircase that matches the overall style of the interior and complements it. Russia has a large number of manufacturers who offer finished products of high quality and at affordable prices..

What to make steps for stairs

Usually the steps are made of wood, stone or metal. With the development of technology, the number of materials for the manufacture of steps has increased. To choose a material, it is necessary to determine the functional value of the ladder, the frequency of its use, loads and external factors of influence..

The material for the steps must be reliable, durable and aesthetically beautiful..

Materials can be used independently, or can act as cladding. The most common material is wood. It is important to choose quality breeds that are characterized by strength and durability. Some fill the steps on the frame with plywood. But a high-quality tree will cost more..

Plastic steps are especially strong, durable, economical and safe. Plastic steps are especially strong, durable, economical and safe.

Materials for steps:

  • Wood. For the manufacture of steps, oak, alder, maple, walnut, birch are best suited. Ash and beech steps are also famous, but the most affordable designs are obtained from pine. If the cost of these materials is too expensive, they can be replaced by an MDF board, but the quality of the steps will be lower.
  • Metal. Mostly used to work with forged structures. The steps can be made of corrugated sheet material, lattice (mesh) or perforation. The steps can be a metal frame, on top of which the installation of steps made of wood is performed.
  • Concrete. Such steps are massive and solid. For beauty, the steps are veneered.
  • Brick. The material is used mainly for facing external steps. Clinker steps are usually made from concrete. And on top they decorate with clinker bricks. The clinker is fireproof and waterproof.
  • KDP. Steps made of decking.
  • Polymer. Self-leveling stages are very popular today..

The modern material is glass. It is most suitable for steps on suspended structures. It can be combined with stainless materials. 

Mobile ladders of three steps

Modern three-step ladders make work easier and safer. When folded, the ladder does not take up much space. These types of stairs allow you to do work in everyday life and at work.

Before buying, it is important to decide on the type of ladder and the material from which it is made.

The stepladder can be made of wood, metal or fiberglass. It is a great replacement for a stick ladder. Dielectric ladders are used to safely perform electrical installation work.. 

Easy-to-use three-level stepladder made of aluminum Easy-to-use three-level stepladder made of aluminum

Types of ladders:

  • Attached. Convenient for household use.
  • Tower. Bulky stairs, not mobile. They are mainly used for finishing work..
  • Folding. The most popular model is aluminum. It is distinguished by quality, reliability and inexpensive cost..
  • Articulated. Combines several sections.
  • Forest. Used for work at high altitudes.

A wide range of stairs allows you to choose the most optimal option for a particular type of work. The ladder profile can be steel or aluminum. The steel profile can be rectangular or round. Composite ladders are very popular today, which are several times lighter than ladders made of wood or metal..

Mobile ladder with two steps

The production of ladders is so well established today that consumers are faced with a wide selection of products of various designs and qualities. Finished products can be purchased at specialized stores. It is important that the ladder meets the requirements of GOST, since the safety of working with a ladder depends on this. The rules and regulations for working with ladders can be found on the Internet..

A ladder with two steps is suitable for high-rise work in the garden, construction, for finishing and renovation.

When buying a ladder, it is important to pay attention to the distance between the steps – it should provide convenience and safety. Ladder fasteners must also be reliable – this is a general rule for observing safety measures.  

Stepladders with two steps and non-slip pads are the most comfortable Stepladders with two steps and non-slip pads are the most comfortable

Distinctive features of the two-step ladder:

  • Ease;
  • Compactness;
  • Strength;
  • Security.

The folding step ladder is convenient to store at home, in the storeroom or on the balcony, and it is also convenient to transfer it in the luggage compartment of the car. The ladder must have the correct tread / riser ratio. Plastic step ladder – a lightweight version of more bulky and massive portable ladders, which, if used correctly, allows you to get the job done many times faster and more efficiently.

How to make rungs for a staircase

The requirements for the manufacture of steps are not complicated, so they can be easily made by hand. An especially important point is the fastening of the finished steps to the main staircase. What materials will be better for making steps, each master decides for himself.

How much materials to use and what thickness should be at the step depends on the size of the stairs and the area of ​​the room.

The parameters for choosing the material depend on what type of stairs are made: external or internal. Very often, a tree is chosen for self-made steps. This is an affordable and easy-to-use material that allows you to choose the type of wood, its texture and color (steps can be dark and light). 

When making steps, it is important to use well-dried wood, then the steps will be strong and durable When making steps, it is important to use well-dried wood, then the steps will be strong and durable

How to make steps yourself:

  • Make templates to fit the stairs.
  • Calculate the number, proportions and dimensions of the required steps.
  • Prepare boards and cut risers and treads from them.
  • Cover finished parts with a protective coating.

The installation of wooden steps can be done in three different ways. It is important to install the steps correctly, since the safety of the structure, its durability and ease of use depend on it. Beech, ash and oak steps have good characteristics..

Making small stairs and steps

The shape of the steps in a small staircase can be varied. The main thing is to comply with the standards. The facing of the stairs depends on what material the staircase is made of, as well as on the general style in the interior and the preferences of the owners of the apartment or house..

The calculation table for steps and the correct slope of stair flights will allow you to install a staircase in accordance with all the rules and regulations.

Each owner engaged in the independent manufacture and installation of a staircase must think over the design and lay it in the project. The ladder should be suitable for those who will use it in terms of size and safety.

When manufactured, a small staircase requires the same responsible approach as an overall one. When manufactured, a small staircase requires the same responsible approach as an overall one.

Tips for choosing a staircase in stages:

  • Calculate the distance from the floor on the first floor to the floor on the second floor.
  • Determine the dimensions of the steps and their number.
  • Make a projection of the staircase on the plan of the house.
  • Do not make the width of the step too small, as this will make the ladder uncomfortable and dangerous..
  • Decide on the width of the site.
  • Choose the shape of the stairs. It should be comfortable, not taking up a lot of space and combined with the overall interior..

Pouring concrete stairs “forces” to pay attention to the reinforcement of a monolithic staircase, its rules and features. Framing such a staircase can be done with tiles, cork, brick or stone. But the decoration of the room can be done with console steps..

Types of steps for stairs

An important criterion when choosing the type of steps is their safety. This is largely influenced by the presence of risers. Their presence makes the ladder safer. But without them, the structure looks lighter, which improves the overall decor of the room..

The shape of the steps is also an important criterion. It can be straight, round, semicircular, trapezoidal.

Comfort steps can be of different types, sizes and shapes. It depends on who is using the ladder. The presence of small children and the elderly in the house leaves an imprint on the choice of the type of staircase structure and degrees. 

The safest and most comfortable steps for children are with risers The safest and most comfortable steps for children are with risers

Types of steps:

  • Open;
  • Closed.

The choice of prefabricated interior steps depends on the area of ​​the room, the functionality of the staircase and the interior design. The absence of a riser allows you to make the step wider. But the stairs must be lifted at a safe angle..

Load on stair rungs

You can determine the load on the steps using special formulas. They allow to take into account the dynamic load, which can lead to increased requirements for the structure. It is important to calculate the load that will affect the flight and the landing under the stairs. To do this, you should pay attention to the foundation..

Riser and rise can only be calculated using a special formula.

Formulas can be simpler or more complex. However, it is important to understand the full responsibility of correct calculations. If the steps are wooden, it is important that the depth of the step helps support the foot..

When calculating the load, it is important to take into account the possibility of fastening the structure to the floor and the floor. When calculating the load, it is important to take into account the possibility of fastening the structure to the floor and the floor.

Things to consider:

  • The total mass of the steps;
  • Number of stringers;
  • The mass of people and possible objects to be carried;
  • Section of structural details.

It is also important to calculate the load on the railing of the structure, especially if the steps are floating. It is also important to pay attention to the abutment of the step to the wall and its angle..

Ladder with drawers in steps

The flight staircase has many advantages. But it takes up a lot of space, which often does not suit the owners of the premises. Creative renovation allows the use of design ideas aimed at maximizing the expansion of space.

Installation in the steps of drawers allows efficient use of space.

Drawers can be sliding and folding. The mechanism for the boxes can be created independently. The boxes should be as spacious and easy to use as possible. There can be an even and an odd number of them.. 

A ladder with drawers in the steps will save a lot of space in the room A ladder with drawers in the steps will save a lot of space in the room

Types of boxes:

  • Cargo;
  • Vertical;
  • Retractable;
  • Folding;

For the manufacture of boxes, you can use wood, plywood, chipboard, MDF, cork materials, glue, nails, screws. Glued boxes will only last long if you use high-quality glue. It is important to align the wood parts before assembling the parts. The structure must be installed correctly, otherwise the entire staircase can be disturbed..

Do-it-yourself steps for stairs (video)

Firm and secure foot support when moving on stairs is called a rung. When choosing a staircase, it is important to pay attention to the types and types of steps. Safety, convenience and durability of the structure depend on their choice and correct installation. The steps must be made in accordance with all the standards and requirements of GOST, so as not to repeat the emergency history of the Mithridat staircase. When choosing the type and shape of steps, it is also important to take into account their harmonious combination with the overall interior..

Detail: stair steps (photo examples)