Stairs

The choice of railings for stairs and 3 components

The railing is a structural element that is recommended to be installed on every staircase. The fence is a structural element that is recommended to be installed on each staircase..

Stair railings

Fences for stairs are installed: in industrial buildings, in preschool institutions, for arranging roofs and construction sites, in residential buildings, in the interior of wooden houses, for example, to climb up to the second floor, on the territory of schools and not only.

When buying stair rails, you should ask the seller for a certificate that confirms their quality When buying stair rails, you should ask the seller for a certificate that confirms their quality

In terms of integrity, each structure is not monolithic and various components are used for its arrangement:

  • Balusters;
  • Handrails;
  • Filling.

Before installing the handrails, you need to choose a material for their arrangement that will not be slippery, so that during operation there are no emergencies. It is quite possible to make prefabricated railings with your own hands if you properly prepare all the elements.

Wooden railings of stairs in the house

The options for installing fences in public buildings or in a private house can be different in material, but many people prefer to choose wood..

Among the most popular breeds that can comply with the norms and standards of SNIP are noted:

  • Oak;
  • Beech;
  • Pine;
  • Larch;
  • Nut;
  • Ash.

Among the main criteria for the material from which a wooden fence will be built, there is a mandatory presence: hardness, durability, resistance to decay, beautiful color and texture, reasonable price. In order for the site fencing to be as hard and stable as possible, you need to choose a breed that meets such requirements.

Among the advantages of wooden fences, environmental friendliness and low cost should be noted. Among the advantages of wooden fences, environmental friendliness and low cost should be noted.

And this:

  • Spruce;
  • Pine;
  • Nut;
  • Larch;
  • Pear;
  • Black pine;
  • Ash;
  • Yew;
  • Oak;
  • Beech.

They are arranged in order to increase the degree of hardness. GOST standards require the use of fastening materials and, depending on the hardness of the rock, they can vary. For example, it can be nails, glue and the like..

Wood with high wear resistance will make it possible to make a protective fence in public and private houses with a long service life.

It is on the railings that a strong mechanical effect is exerted, and therefore the rock should be as strong as possible. It is categorically undesirable to use soft wood species, since even with the use of various types of impregnations, they will soon begin to dry out.

If there is a need to use such a breed, then it can be used to manufacture:

  • Foundations, regardless of whether the staircase is on one stringer or on two;
  • Bowstrings;
  • Riser;
  • Support pillar.

The wood must have maximum resistance to decay, this is especially important for those rooms where there is high humidity or there can be sudden changes in temperature. Of the most suitable species, the best are distinguished: larch and oak..

Ladders with platforms, stepladders and fences

Ladders can be very different: leaning and attached ladders, vertical metal for the outer part of the building, combined for balconies, roofing, perimeter fencing, made of pipes or original forged. Regardless of the type and type, the main thing is to properly prepare for their manufacture, or more precisely, for the formation of the fence.

Thanks to a ladder with a platform, you can easily raise and lower bulky items to the second floor Thanks to a ladder with a platform, you can easily raise and lower bulky items to the second floor

Among the tools at hand must be the presence of:

  • Hacksaws for the material with which the work is carried out;
  • Medium and light weight hammer;
  • Chisel set;
  • Drills and drill sets;
  • Level;
  • Grinders;
  • Screwdrivers;
  • Screwdriver;
  • Jigsaw and the like.

It is important that the products are of high quality and free from defects, since their presence can cause an illiterate performance of work and, in addition, injury..

Glass railings for stairs

Glass step railings have their own certain advantages, which cannot be overlooked..

Namely:

  • These modern fences are the safest, since they use plexiglass or tempered glass canvases for their construction;
  • Exclusive finishes;
  • Environmental friendliness;
  • Convenience in installation and maintenance;
  • Easy to care for;
  • Lightness and durability of the highest category.

Glass railing fits well into an interior made in modern or high-tech style Glass railing fits well into an interior made in modern or high-tech style

In addition, it must be noted that the use of a fenced staircase in this way will not cause discomfort, and the fastening is the most typical or, in other words, standard. Ready-made glass railings allow not only to make the room more attractive and modern, but can also fit into any design solution, for example, if it is decorated in Art Nouveau style, especially if there are railings on top with chrome plating.

In addition to this, glass structures make the room more airy, voluminous and free, which is required by most private houses and especially public buildings..

Height of stair railing

Regardless of what high ceilings a studio or a room has, if there is an upper room for which the installation of a ladder and a fence is needed, it is imperative that a calculation is made of what the height of the railing will be. First, a diagram, a drawing (can be in dwg format) and an estimate are drawn up, as for the roof, along which the structure will be built. During construction, it is imperative to take GOST standards and an act as a basis, which are equal for all cities and countries. The main document is GOST 25772.

The material for the railing should be selected based on the overall style of the staircase. The material for the railing should be selected based on the overall style of the staircase.

Requirements for fences indoors, regardless of which types of products were chosen for installation, for example, modular or marching:

  • Internal flights of stairs in height should be 80 cm;
  • For preschool institutions, a height of 118 cm is chosen;
  • For outdoor ladder 110 cm;
  • Balcony railings with a height of more than 30 m – 110 cm;
  • Indoor kindergarten 80 cm;
  • For kindergarten outside 110 cm;
  • Balcony railings in buildings with a height of less than 30 m – 100 cm;
  • Balcony railings in preschool institutions – 120 cm;

Roofs should be equipped with a lattice railing with a height of 60 cm.

Why do you need a safety railing for stairs

The device of a fence for a staircase or doorway is required for: safety, structural stability and comfortable operation. Fences should be checked regularly to ensure they meet all stated requirements..

In general, fences are an integral part of any staircase structure, no matter what its dimensions. It is worth noting that in addition to safety, the installation of handrails makes the product more aesthetic..

The safety railing significantly increases the safety of the stairs The safety railing significantly increases the safety of the stairs

If there are more than 3 steps in the staircase, then the presence of a railing is already required. Most often, it is the metal that is chosen for the installation of the fence, since it is more durable, durable and wear-resistant. If you make the right effort to equip the railing, then you can make so much original finish that it will resemble the work of a professional master.

When working with metal, a welded mounting method is used. Its popularity is fully justified, since there are no connecting seams, which makes the staircase more stylish, aesthetic and laconic. As for the type of welding, an argon-arc is used.

In the course of such work, there is no splashing of metal drops, which allows you to carry out the installation as efficiently as possible without consequences and defects, as well as to avoid damage to nearby property.

How to make a railing for a staircase

Even cable ladders have a kind of railings, since this is the first rule of operational safety. Not infrequently, in addition to railings, special snow holders are placed on street stairs, which allow you to leave structures, for example, in case of an emergency evacuation, cleaned and free for passage. There are instructions on what parts and how to install..

With the stairs located inside the building, everything is much easier. For them, standard types of structures and materials are used..

Before you start making a fence for a staircase, you need to buy material, draw up a drawing and watch a video with a master class Before you start making a fence for a staircase, you need to buy material, draw up a drawing and watch a video with a master class

Three types of material can be used as a canvas. Wood has been used for many centuries and has not lost its relevance today. Each type of wood differs in its appearance, aroma, texture and color. It is especially important that they are perfect for any style, even modern ones. Metal railings are no less in demand, and most often forged structures are installed, since they are more stylish and attractive. Solid fencing can be made of PVC and plexiglass.

Step-by-step implementation of the fence steps for stairs

Each type of ladder has its own way of fencing, and certain fittings are used..

Namely:

  1. If the base is wooden, then installation is carried out using fasteners such as studs, self-tapping screws.
  2. If there are no grooves on the steps, and the railing is even, then the installation is carried out on homemade fasteners used for balusters.
  3. Before starting the installation, you need to make a markup of exactly how each baluster will be located. If the canvases are thick, then you can put them in one step, if thin, then on each, and sometimes even two.
  4. Support posts should be installed at the beginning of the railing and at the end. It is they who exclude loosening of the structure even after a long time of operation..
  5. After installation, you need to run a rope from the top to the bottom post. This is how the handrail will be installed along this string. To be more precise, the balusters are trimmed relative to this level in order to set the railings as evenly as possible, without drops, which can subsequently cause cracking of the material.
  6. The railing is installed by twisting the studs. It is advisable to choose a solid cloth for the railings, since the presence of seams, when the underground slabs vibrate, can lead to a discrepancy, albeit small and not only to unevenness, but also to a violation of safety during operation.

A stair railing with forged elements looks good in a classic interior A staircase rail with forged elements looks good in a classic interior

Pillars and balusters must be carefully sanded and varnished so that they do not have chipping and similar defects. Over time, at least once a year, it is necessary to update the finishing of the staircase.

How to choose railings for stairs (video)

In conclusion, it is worth noting that it is best to use yacht varnish for coating, as it has the best technical characteristics. Having familiarized yourself with a number of such simple recommendations, it is quite possible to independently choose the material for the railings and carry out their installation.

Examples of stair fencing (photo)