Stairs

Stairs to the second floor in a private house: 11 design tips

There is a wide variety of stairs to the second floor, differing in shape, color, material and price. There is a wide variety of stairs to the second floor, differing in shape, color, material and price.Being large enough in size, a staircase often plays the role of a key decorative element around which the decoration of an apartment is built. But this does not mean that it is impossible to choose a structure for finished interiors: modern construction companies are ready to offer any design (from simple to stairs with complex decor and unusual arrangement of elements), and designers develop a lot of new projects every year. How to choose a comfortable, safe and attractive staircase to the house – read the article.

Why do we need stairs in private houses

Today it is impossible to imagine any building without a lifting structure. Stairs play an important role for both single-storey and multi-storey buildings: due to the difference in the levels of the house and the ground (due to the height of the foundation), it can be extremely inconvenient to climb the porch without a lifting structure in the yard..

One-story houses may have internal staircases leading to the attic or basement..

The staircase is not only a practical product, but also an excellent decorative element. The staircase is not only a practical product, but also an excellent decorative element.

External stairs in multi-storey buildings can lead not only to the porch or directly to the house, but also to the attic room, balcony, to the private room of one of the tenants. In addition, fire escapes are often placed outside the house. And, of course, the main indoor lifting structures are stairs leading to another floor..

What are the stairs to the second floor in a private house

Today, the production of stairs offers customers a wide range of lifting systems: from beautiful, decorative structures to simple and stylish stairs in the minimalist style..

However, regardless of the design style, all stairs are divided into the following types:

  1. Straightforward. Straight staircases are single-flight structures without turns and changing direction of movement.
  2. Corner. This includes repeated 90 (L-shaped) and 180 degrees (U-shaped) structures.
  3. Curved are spiral staircases, the steps of which are located around the support in a spiral.

Stairs to the second floor can be made of wood, concrete, glass or metal Stairs to the second floor can be made of wood, concrete, glass or metal

Separately, retractable structures for the ceiling hatches of utility rooms are distinguished..

Staircase construction in a private house

In addition to the differences in the curvature of the staircase, the stairs also differ in the method of installation..

Today, there are such types of structures:

  1. On stringers and bowstrings. Kosourov can be either two or one. In addition, there are articulated stringers that make it easy to change the direction of the structure..
  2. On the bolts. The device of such a ladder involves the installation of steel bolts in the walls adjacent to the structure and the placement of treads on them.
  3. With the use of the central rack. Curved stairs are often located on the central supports. The rack, in this case, is the only fastening element for the steps.
  4. Combined. These structures include two-flight stairs, the device of which assumes the presence of one or two stringers and a support post.

Stringers, bowstrings and the central stand can be made of either metal or wood.

The angle of inclination of the stairs should be done in such a way that children and the elderly can easily climb along it The angle of inclination of the stairs should be done in such a way that children and the elderly can easily climb along it

In addition, modular ladders are separately distinguished, which do not require calculations and cutting of material, are durable, look stylish, installed independently (without the involvement of unauthorized persons) in 3-4 hours.

Dimensions of stairs in a private house

The dimensions of the stairs, both in the living room and in the utility room, are determined by the “Building codes”. A structure built with these dimensions in mind is reliable, safe and attractive. And it is convenient to use such a ladder for both adults and young children, and people of the age.

So, a staircase for a living room should have the following dimensions:

  1. The width of the structure must be at least 1.25 meters for private houses and at least 800 cm for country and garden houses.
  2. The angle of inclination of a comfortable staircase should be 35-45 degrees (attached structures in utility rooms can exceed an angle of 50 degrees).
  3. The width of the steps at the narrowest point (for curved structures) should not be less than 110 mm.
  4. The maximum step height should not exceed 190 mm, the minimum – 140 mm.
  5. The depth of the tread should be between 250-350 mm.
  6. If there are small children in the house, then the height of the fence must be at least one meter, and the distance between its elements must be at least 150 mm..

The width of the stairs should be made such that 2 people can missed each other. The width of the stairs should be made such that 2 people can missed each other.

In addition, the ladder must have a high carrying capacity (the optimal load on the supporting structure should be at least 180 kg, and on the railings and fences – at least 100).

If the planning features do not allow the use of exact values, then a deviation from the norm by 1-2 cm is allowed..

How to design a staircase for a private house

The design of the stairs is carried out on the basis of the dimensions recommended by SNiP. In order to design a structure, it is necessary to measure the height of the ceiling, the width and length of the ceiling opening (if the staircase is designed for a narrow corridor, then its width). After measurements, the basic values ​​of the staircase are calculated: its length, height, number of steps.

There are several ways to create a project:

  1. Using a drawing on paper. In this case, you should show all care and remember the school course of geometry and drawing..
  2. Thanks to the online calculator with the builder. Calculations are made quickly, but the disadvantage is that the obtained examples of stairs are quite typical..
  3. With the help of computer programs for design and two, three-dimensional visualization. Here you can create a truly unique project that fully meets the wishes of the residents and the parameters of the apartments..

You can design a staircase on a computer using special programs that can be downloaded on the Internet. You can design a staircase on a computer using special programs that can be downloaded on the Internet.

If there is no time or desire to understand rather complicated programs and calculations, then the design of the stairs can be entrusted to professionals: an experienced master will develop both classical and non-standard options, provide samples of materials for the future structure, and a team of specialists will assemble and install the stairs.

Is it possible to make a staircase in a private house with your own hands

You can assemble a structure in a private house with your own hands. To do this, according to the finished project, you should calculate the amount of material required, stock up on the appropriate construction tool. The easiest way is to make a standard wooden straight ladder on bowstrings or kosoura. You can cut the lumber yourself, or you can turn to a construction company for help (it is very easy to find ads from trusted companies today).

Installation of a straight structure includes the following steps:

  1. Installation of bowstrings or stringers (for greater reliability, the elements are fixed on brackets to adjacent walls).
  2. Installation of formwork for a structure on bowstrings.
  3. Installation of steps (steps are fastened with self-tapping screws or cut into stringers).
  4. Grinding the structure.
  5. Coating the stairs with paint (if necessary) and varnish in several layers.

Before you start making stairs to the second floor, you should watch a training video with a master class and get acquainted with the recommendations of specialists Before you start making stairs to the second floor, you should watch a training video with a master class and get acquainted with the recommendations of specialists

You can mount the stairs while the house is being built. In this case, the possibility of damaging the finish of the walls, floor and ceiling is excluded, but the thickness of the finishing materials should be taken into account when calculating. Installation can be carried out when the repair is over.

Having figured out the process of installing a single-flight straight staircase, you can try to make a rotary structure with a transition platform.

Making a staircase in a private house: photo

The design of the structure on the second floor must match the design of the apartment. The design should naturally harmonize with the room in which it is located, complement it, emphasize advantages and hide disadvantages.

When designing a structure, you should adhere to the following tips:

  1. Consider not only styles, but also substyles. So, for a classic interior in the Baroque style, ceremonial staircases with smooth lines and forged fences, which are best implemented by the technology of decorative molding, are suitable. For the empire style, designs with strict lines made of dark wood will be ideal..
  2. For dwellings decorated in modern styles, it is better to choose simple designs without excessive decorativeness. You should pay attention to stairs with glass steps (for high-tech interiors) and metal mesh (loft style).
  3. The geometry of the structure must match the geometry of the furniture (for example, round tables will look good opposite curved stairs).

The stairs should be decorated depending on the style of the interior. The stairs should be decorated depending on the style of the interior.

Do not forget about the design of the walls adjacent to the stairs: for simple structures, the walls can be decorated with geometric patterns, motivational inscriptions, photographs and paintings.

Stairs in private houses: photo and design

Which staircase should be chosen determines the location of the structure: the design and execution must correspond to the style, characteristics and purpose of the room.

The following recommendations will help you choose the most successful staircase:

  1. The living room is the face of the apartment. The staircase in the hall should match the decor of the room. In addition, the design in a small living room should also be practical. So, closed stairs can be equipped with a storage system in the form of niches and shelves, built-in appliances or hide a wardrobe underneath..
  2. It is better to place a ladder made of natural materials in the kitchen. At the same time, for the supporting elements of the structure, you should choose hard solid wood (beech, ash, oak), and soft ones (for example, pine) are also suitable for the railings. An interesting option would be a staircase with a bamboo railing..
  3. For a small corridor, an angular staircase on kosoura, a “goose step” design, is suitable. The main thing is that the color of the stairs coincides with the color scheme of the corridor, and the materials for finishing – with the material of door, mirror frames, furniture, etc..
  4. The staircase to the spacious hall should emphasize the dimensions of the room. You should pay attention to wide straight staircases made of expensive materials (for classic interiors) or light modern structures on the bolts (for modern-style apartments).
  5. The hallway should be comfortable, and therefore the staircase in it must differ in functionality: a pantry can be placed under the staircase space, and the space itself can be decorated with shelves or built-in drywall niches.

The semicircular staircase looks great in a classic-style interior The semicircular staircase looks great in a classic-style interior

It is not advisable to put the main stairs in bedrooms and children’s bedrooms: the operation of the structure, in this case, can interfere with rest and sleep.

We decorate the window on the stairs in a private house: photo

Often, corner or curved structures are placed in hallways or corridors with a window..

In such cases, when designing a structure, you should pay attention to the design of the window:

  1. It is better if the window frame and the staircase are made of the same materials (wood or metal).
  2. It is not advised to make windows on stairs with wide window sills. If you want to place flowers by the window, then you can plant them in hanging pots..
  3. The window can be either panoramic or small. It is better to finish the walls adjacent to the large window by the stairs in neutral colors: the window will take enough attention to itself, being the central decorative object. Wallpaper, interior paint, decorative plaster are suitable for wall decoration..

It is better to use curtains and curtains for the window only in classic or country interiors..

Staircase in a private house (video)

A staircase is an important architectural element that should not only be comfortable and safe, but also have an attractive appearance. Making a staircase is possible both to order and by hand. Get inspired by design photos and create your own unique designs!

Staircase design in a private house (interior photo)