Stairs

Big instruction: DIY ladder and 10 tips

It is quite possible to make a beautiful and durable staircase for the house on your own, if you approach the process of making the structure correctly It is quite possible to make a beautiful and durable staircase for a house on your own, if you approach the process of making a structure correctly. Today, you can quickly order a ready-made staircase, or invite craftsmen, with the help of which a beautiful staircase will appear in your house. Making it yourself is more difficult, but definitely more interesting..

You can work in archikad, work with different materials – from a jigsaw to a hand router. You can fill the base with concrete, plan something in the floor. Ladders are made of polypropylene pipes. In your work, you will come across materials that are not directly related to construction – from Penrose stairs to such a thing as the Witch’s staircase. There will be concepts stranded deep, terraria, max. Well, there are a lot of craftsmen who will help to carry out our plans, whether it is the Vladimir region, or you live in a house overlooking the Neva.

What stairs are there: construction device

There are several types of timber structures that are common in country houses. Some of these stairs are in the bathhouse, for example, someone is building a staircase in the garage. Build yourself – this is the principle of economical construction, but first study the issue in detail.

Today, spiral glass staircases are popular, which will perfectly fit into a modern interior. Today, spiral glass staircases are popular, which will perfectly fit into a modern interior.

Ladders are:

  • Marching – can be in the middle of the room or along the wall;
  • Screw – located in confined spaces;
  • Combined are mid-flight stairs with a screw element.

Also, ladders are on bolts, on bowstrings and on kosoura. Kosour is an open side beam on the inside staircase side. It gives lightness to this design..

Material selection: how to make a good staircase

Of course, precious woods are the best option. But you need to look at your capabilities, as well as decorative moments that are important to you. Even wood drawings, natural ones, matter.

Maple is a good material for making a strong and durable ladder. Maple is a good material for making a strong and durable ladder.

Species of trees for stairs:

  • Maple – the staircase will be strong and durable, light brown in color;
  • Larch – such a staircase will be golden yellow or dark yellow with brownish veins, if you need to make a solid staircase, this is a suitable material;
  • Oak – it is necessary to understand, the older the oak, the darker the shade;
  • Spruce – light shade and uniform structure;
  • Pine – this material is easy to process, the material is inexpensive.

Among the disadvantages of wooden stairs, we can mention the low strength (metal structures benefit here), as well as the fact that the tree deforms over time. If the staircase creaks, it will require a good repair, or even a new structure..

How to make a door on the stairs and more

Under the stairs, you can make a greenhouse of beautiful flowers, you can equip an entrance hall, a kitchen, a bathroom there. Very often this space is made functional. Often, a door to the storeroom is made under the stairs. But the most common option is a shelf.

With the help of shelves of different configurations, you can make an entire storage system – lightweight and affordable. And such shelves are unlikely to be empty. They are attached to the wall or to the underside of the flight of stairs. Sometimes a beautiful home library is arranged from such shelves..

The space under the staircase can be quite functional if you equip a small pantry there. The space under the staircase can be quite functional if you equip a small pantry there.

And if the staircase is opposite the window, and the window offers a beautiful view of the gorgeous trees of the garden, or a pond, or other beautiful places. It could also be a view of the terrace. Very often there is a place for a cat on such shelves – they really like to sleep there. There you can also make a house for a hamster and put a cage for a parrot.

How to decorate a wall on a cantilever ladder

The good thing about a cantilever staircase is that it will not interfere with the spread of light in the room. She looks a little bizarre. It does not look like a remote or an observation one, there are some hanging elements – but how they are attached is not immediately clear.

Above the staircase, there is a lot of things – a dome, a partition, and a design made of fancifully wrapped pipes, etc. But the cantilever staircase does not need additional decor. Its feature is the fastening of the steps.

If the steps of the cantilever ladder are properly fixed, the effect of weightlessness will be created. If the steps of the cantilever ladder are properly fixed, the effect of weightlessness will be created. 

There are several ways to attach treads:

  • The steps are embedded in the wall;
  • The brackets are embedded in the enclosing structure, treads will be further attached to them;
  • The steps are attached with anchors;
  • You can even mount them to the ceiling;
  • Brackets are screwed to a solid string.

All attention to the contour of the steps, they seem literally weightless. One catch in such a staircase is that after some period it can get bored. Let her go like a fan, let you admire every attack, but if there are children in the house, it is better to refuse such an option.

Tips on how to weld a ladder with your own hands

This work is recommended only for those who can professionally engage in welding. The main thing is safety. If you have not done this before, enlist the help of professionals.

Before proceeding with the welding of the stairs, you should first carefully consider the design of the structure itself. Before you start welding the stairs, you should first carefully consider the design of the structure itself 

The process itself will consist of several stages:

  • Stair design;
  • Assembling the stairs;
  • Decorative works.

Remember the most important rules of safe work – it is imperative to wear welding leggings, clothes should be with long sleeves and a closed collar, trousers are put on over boots. The electrode must not be touched with bare hands! You cannot work with wet gloves. And the most important thing is a protective mask, it is forbidden to work without it.

How to make a staircase in a house

Sometimes you need a temporary staircase that will last until the construction of the main one. No special decor is required there, only functionality is important. You have to do it yourself more often. Someone uses portable ladders for these purposes, or a collapsible design is used. Homemade stairs can be very simple, and rightly so when it comes to a “temporary house”. But on the permanent structure, you will have to try a lot..

Calculation and design is where you start. The project is always focused on safety and comfort, it should be convenient to climb to the floor.

When making a ladder with your own hands, it is imperative to take into account not only its appearance, but its strength and safety. When making a ladder with your own hands, it is imperative to take into account not only its appearance, but its strength and safety. 

Requirements for the project are mandatory:

  • The design must be such as to hold a load that exceeds the average weight of an average person;
  • It is not enough to put a ladder, it needs to be equipped with fences, and their location is taken into account at the stage of project creation;
  • Fences are equipped with balusters and handrails, and the distance between the balusters that stand next to each other should be less than the child’s head.

Sometimes, instead of balusters, a solid canvas of mesh or plexiglass is used. This alternative is usually required if there are small children in the house. Well, then there are exact calculations – without them even an experienced designer will not build anything.

Do-it-yourself ladder calculations

The height of the structure is always calculated according to the finished floors of both floors, as an option – according to the estimated floor elevations. If we talk about the opening (passage), then its height should be 5 cm more than the height of the tallest person living in this house.

In order to quickly and competently make calculations, it is better to seek qualified help from specialists In order to quickly and competently make calculations, it is better to seek qualified help from specialists

Also, the construction of a staircase involves:

  • The sum of the tread width and riser height should be more than 50 cm. The riser height is usually 15-17 cm, and the tread width is 30-32 cm, so that the foot is fully supported;
  • The height of the passage is usually about 2 m, this size depends on the height of the household;
  • Comfortable width of the inner staircase – meter or 90 cm.

You yourself understand that design is not a high-speed job. Better to sit longer and double-check everything, than then screw up the construction. Use modern online services that help with calculations and prevent mistakes.

Step-by-step instructions: DIY ladder

Probably, you will be preparing the stairs from lumber. To install stringers, a pine board with a width of 40 mm is perfect for you. Risers can be made from conifers. Treads, preferably, should be made of hard rocks.

You can assemble and install the stairs in the house yourself, if you first familiarize yourself with the installation process of this kind of structures You can assemble and install the stairs in the house yourself, if you first familiarize yourself with the installation process of this kind of structures

Collect the stringers correctly:

  • Draw a piece according to the size of the step;
  • Apply markings on the boards, cut the teeth with a jigsaw – the first sawn beam with teeth will become the template for the second, and with a wide staircase – and the third;
  • Treads and risers to the stringers are fastened with nails and self-tapping screws;
  • A structure will be reliable if simple triangular fillets are first installed on its supporting beams, dowels and grooves made in advance will be required for their installation.

Next, balusters and railings are installed. A stud or anchor is used to install each baluster. According to the marking, the hairpin is attached to the glue with the end, it will fall into the stringer through the tread, then twist the hairpin and screw the baluster onto the free end. At the end, the pillars and balusters are complemented by handrails.

Stairs surround us everywhere – even a children’s room is not complete without a dollhouse, which also has a staircase. And there is her arrangement, and other tricks of doll houses, where there may even be a secret hatch. A ladder, for example, a ship’s ladder, can even be in a bottle with a romantic boat. Therefore, a whole trunk of ideas and competencies is needed: from how the formwork for the stairs is made, to how to make a collapsible ladder that can be shoved into the UAZ and go to the dacha. So this field of ideas can be considered for a very long time..

DIY ladder (video)

Ladders are different – garden, entwined with bunches of grapes, a convenient ladder in a hole, ladders with elements of 180 degrees. And there are stairs in the house, which can become the main interior decoration. Sometimes a template is even made of cardboard, and then the staircase itself is constructed. Try you too!

Good work!

DIY staircase design (interior photo)