Set, wardrobe, rack

Set, wardrobe, rack

How to make a shelf with your own hands – 4 cool ways for beginners

Wall-mounted shelves can open up new storage options or become a pretty backdrop for home decor. Small and large, book and kitchen, with hidden mount and console – almost any shelves can be made by hand, and not bought in a store. In this article, we presented 3 simple and budget methods for making shelves and shelves for different purposes, as well as 70 photo ideas for inspiration..

Universal hanging shelf

Suspended shelves on ropes have become very popular for a reason. They look much more impressive than regular shelves, and at the same time they are truly functional and versatile. They can be adapted for storing heavy items such as dishes or flower pots, as well as light accessories. And thanks to the side holders, the shelf can also be used for storing books..

Hanging shelf for kitchen

DIY hanging kitchen shelf from wooden planks and ropes

Hanging shelf with plants

Hanging shelf cabinet

This shelf-pedestal is suspended from the ceiling on ropes 2 cm thick.You can make such a shelf using our instructions, with the only difference that the hooks in this case are attached to the ceiling, and not to the wall.

Shelf made of wood and ropes

Such a homemade shelf made of rough wood and ropes will look great in a Scandinavian-style interior, eco and country style, loft and rustic

Shelf made of wood planks and ropes

And now we propose to go to practice and make such a universal shelf with your own hands..

Shelf on ropes

You will need:

  • 4 wooden boards (2.5 cm thick and any desired length, for example, 1 m long as in our master class);
  • Rope rope about 8 mm thick and 4 m long;
  • Drill and pen drill with a diameter of 10 mm (the drill should be slightly thicker than the rope);
  • 2 steel hooks and concrete dowels with a diameter of 8 mm;
  • Perforator and drill for concrete 8 mm;
  • Pencil.

Shelf materials

Basic materials needed to make a shelf

Master Class:

  1. With a drill and a feather drill, drill a hole in each corner of the board (first draw the markings with a pencil). Remember that the holes should not be too close to the edges..

Drilling holes

  1. Paint your board with paint / stain, and then, when the finish is dry, treat with a matte varnish or wax (this is not necessary, but it is advisable – if you want to protect the shelf from damp cleaning and scratches).

Painting the board

  • If you want to preserve the natural color and texture of the wood, simply sand the board from all sides with coarse sandpaper or a sander.

Sanding wood plank

  1. Install the steel hooks on the wall: first make marks with a level, then drill holes with a hammer drill for 8 mm concrete, insert 8 mm dowels into the holes and finally screw the hooks into them.

Installation of hooks

  1. Cut your 4-meter rope into 4 equal 1-meter pieces.Pass the ropes through the holes in the board, and then tie their ends on the back of the board in a knot as shown in the photo below..

Lower nodes

  1. Now that there is a pair of ropes on each short side of the board, knot the ends of each pair and hang them on the hooks. Make sure the shelf hangs straight and adjust the top nodes if necessary. By the way, in the future you will be able to adjust the length of the ropes at the expense of the upper knots..

Top node

You can experiment a little with the ways of attaching the ropes and make not only shelves, but even hanging racks with your own hands..

  • Hanging rack
  • Hanging rack
  • Hanging rack
  • Hanging rack
  • Hanging rack

Drawer shelf

If you have an unnecessary drawer from a chest of drawers, then you can make such a beautiful shelf with dividers out of it. In it you can store something that should always be at hand or in plain sight..

Box before rework

Drawer shelf

You will need:

  • Box;
  • Paint the desired color and brush;
  • Wax or matte varnish;
  • Wooden board or plywood of small thickness;
  • Wood glue or liquid nails;
  • Shelf hinges;
  • Two dowels 8 mm and screws for them;
  • Perforator and drill for concrete 8 mm;
  • Phillips screwdriver;
  • Jigsaw;
  • Medium grit sandpaper;
  • A piece of wallpaper for the back wall decor;
  • Wood putty.

Master Class:

  1. Use a jigsaw to cut spacers out of the plywood / wood board to the correct size, then sand all around with sandpaper.
  2. If the drawer has handles, remove them and fill the holes with putty..
  3. Paint the box 2-3 layers, letting each layer dry completely. If you want to achieve a scuff effect, rub the box in some places with sandpaper..
  4. On the back of the shelf, glue a piece of wallpaper cut exactly to its size. You can glue the wallpaper with wallpaper glue or any universal glue.

Back wall decor

  1. Install spacers using wood glue or liquid nails.

Drawer shelf with dividers

  1. Next, coat the box with wax or matte varnish to protect the top coat from damage and moisture..
  2. On the back of the shelf, nail or screw two metal hinges onto the self-tapping screws.
  3. Make two holes on the wall, after making a markup with a level, insert the dowels into the holes, and screw the screws into them, but not completely, but leaving about 5 mm. Well that’s all, now you can hang the shelf on the wall.

Drawer shelf

Shelf-hanger from … chair back

If you have an old wooden chair, or rather the back of a chair, then you can make a nice shelf with hooks out of it. It can also be hung in the kitchen to be used for storing kitchen towels and aprons, and in the bathroom, and in the hallway..

This was the back of the chair before the alteration …

Chair before rework

… and this became after!

Chair back shelf

You will need:

  • The back of a wooden chair;
  • A small plank of wood or plywood;
  • Three metal hooks;
  • Pendulum saw for wood, grinder or jigsaw;
  • 5 or more wood screws and a screwdriver / screwdriver;
  • Drill and drill 3 mm;
  • Medium grit sandpaper (for removing old varnish / paint from the back of a chair) and coarse grit (for sanding wood shelves);
  • Black paint (if you want to create a scuffed effect), white paint or any other desired color, brush;
  • Wax or matte varnish;
  • Wood putty;
  • Carpentry glue.

Master Class:

  1. Cut the back of the chair to the desired size, after making the markings.

Chair trim

  1. In this project, the wooden base of the former hanger has been successfully fitted for the manufacture of the top shelf. You can use a board made of wood or plywood – you need to cut it to the desired size, and then sand all the ends. If possible, it is advisable to arrange the edges of the workpiece with a milling cutter.

Shelf

  1. With a medium grit sandpaper (eg 220 microns), remove the old covering from the back of the chair, then paint both parts with black paint and leave to dry. This is necessary so that in the future the black layer appears through the abrasions of the top coating..
  2. It’s time to attach the board to the back of the chair. To do this, drill a small hole from each edge of it (from the outside, where you want to fasten the parts), then screw in the self-tapping screws, drowning them flush. If there are vertical bars in your chair back as in this project, then it is advisable to also fasten them to the shelf with wood glue..

Holes for self-tapping screws

  1. Cover the attachment points with wood filler, following the manufacturer’s instructions.

Sealing the attachment points with putty

  1. Now screw the hooks to the bottom bar of your shelf after making the markings. If necessary, the hooks can be painted (before attaching to the craft).

Hooks

  1. If desired, screw on the plate over each hook. The plate itself can also be decorated with numbers using a stencil, a small brush and black acrylic paint. However, you can come up with your own way to decorate the shelf..
  2. Paint the entire craft white (or whichever color you choose), and then rub some areas with sandpaper to expose a black layer of paint.
  3. Finally, cover the shelf with a matte varnish, or better with wax, to protect the top coat from chips, moisture and scratches..

DIY shelf

In fact, chairs can be used to make shelves in a variety of configurations. Here are some more photo ideas for your inspiration..

Shelf-hanger from the back of the chair

Bathroom shelf from chair back

  • Chair shelf
  • Chair shelf
  • Chair shelf
  • Chair shelf
  • Chair shelf
  • Chair shelf
  • Chair shelf
  • Shelf Chairs
  • Shelf Chairs
  • Shelf Chairs

Pallet shoe rack

Want to make a shoe rack without using a jigsaw or drill? This is possible, you just need to find / purchase a wooden pallet (pallet) and slightly modify it.

  • Used pallets are often given away for free or sold for 100-200 rubles on flea market sites like Avito. You can also ask around for used pallets at local construction sites, warehouses and wholesale stores. New pallets can be ordered in specialized online stores for only 200-250 rubles.

How do you turn an old pallet into such a cute country-style shoe rack with your own hands? Take some free time and follow the next step by step instructions.

Pallet shoe rack

Pallet shoe rack

You will need:

  • Wooden pallet;
  • Manual / electric sander with triangular and standard attachment or sander. If there is no machine, use a small block of wood and wrap it with sandpaper;
  • Grit 40, 80 and 120 grit sandpaper;
  • Brush;
  • Gloves;
  • Soft rags;
  • Protective dust mask;
  • Moisture-proof primer for wood (preferably with an antiseptic);
  • Paint / stain and brush;
  • Wax or matt varnish.

Master Class:

  1. Sand your pallet on all sides or only the part that will be visible: first use coarse sandpaper to remove the roughest bumps, knots and dirt. Then continue sanding with a medium to fine grit sandpaper. Next, remove dust with a brush, vacuum the entire pallet and finally wipe it down with a damp cloth.

Pallet

This is what your pallet will look like after sanding.

If you are a beginner, we recommend watching this video tutorial on sanding a pallet..

  1. Apply a water-repellent primer to the entire (!) Pallet. It will protect the wood from rotting and moisture that will drain from the shoes, and prepare the surface for painting..
  2. When the primer is dry, start painting the shelf. You can paint the entire pallet or only its “front” part as in this project.

Painting pallet-shelves for shoes

  1. When the paint is dry, cover the pallet with matte varnish or wax. If you want to preserve the texture and pattern of the wood, treat the pallet with a stain of the desired tone or completely cover the shelf with only matte varnish / wax..
  2. Using a stencil, acrylic paint and a brush, write “Shoes!” In the center of the top of the shelf. as in this project or any other word / picture.

Pallet shoe rack

  1. The top of the shelf can be decorated with houseplants such as succulents in containers and bread buckets.

Succulents

  1. You can upgrade your shoe rack by integrating wooden slats into the middle and upper tiers (you just need to cut them to the right size and nail them down).

Here are some more photo ideas for making a shoe rack with your own hands..

DIY shoe rack from a pallet

DIY shoe rack

With a little work with a nail puller, hammer and jigsaw, you can convert the pallet into a kitchen shelf, display shelf, shelf for flowers or tools..

Kitchen shelf

Kitchen shelf from pallet

Pallet kitchen shelf

Homemade kitchen shelf from pallet

Kitchen shelf-showcase

Homemade kitchen shelf display cabinet from pallet

Tool shelf

Tool shelf

DIY spice shelf from a pallet

DIY spice shelf from a pallet

Shelf for flowers from a pallet

Shelf for flowers from a pallet

Pallet display shelf

Shelf-showcase from a pallet in the living room

Homemade shelf in the kitchen

Homemade shelf in the kitchen

Photo gallery of ideas

If none of the ways of making a shelf that we have proposed appeals to you, we suggest looking for ideas in our photo gallery. Here we have collected other examples of wall shelves that you can make with your own hands from wooden boards, the same pallets, boxes and other readily available “lumber”.

Corner shelves

Making a corner shelf with your own hands is as easy as shelling pears. To make one shelf, as in the photo below, cut out a triangular blank of the desired size and with the required angle (rarely, the inner corners of the walls are exactly 90 degrees) from plywood or wood 1.5-2.5 cm thick, as well as two small support strips (length one plank should correspond to the leg of the triangular workpiece, and the length of the second plank should be calculated using the formula: leg length minus the width of the first plank).

DIY corner shelf

DIY corner shelf

All parts must be thoroughly sanded and then painted or simply waxed / varnished. Next, make a markup using a building level both on the walls and on the planks (note that the holes will be through!). Drill holes in the walls, insert dowels into them, and then hang the supports on the screws using the through-mounting method. It is important to choose the right screw length – it should be calculated using the formula: dowel length + support bar thickness + screw diameter. Finally, you just have to install the shelves and fix them either with wood glue or with nails / screws for wood. If you want to hide the caps of the screws, use wood putty, and then paint over the “patches” with paint to match the shelf.

Homemade corner shelf

Mug hooks can be screwed into the bottom of the kitchen corner shelf

Homemade corner shelf in the bathroom

Homemade corner bathroom shelf

Corner shelves

Homemade corner shelves in different sizes

Skateboard Shoe Racks

To make a shelf from a skateboard, you need to remove the wheels from it, and then hang it on the wall on the brackets.

Skateboard Shoe Racks

Shelf in a baguette

A shelf framed by a frame is easy to do: first you need to put together a frame from boards according to the size of the frame, then you need to install several separator strips inside the box.

Deep frame shelf

Deep frame shelf

Shelf with flywheel hooks

If you have a simple wooden bathroom shelf, decorate it with cross ceramic faucet handwheels. It’s hard to come up with a more stylish thing!

Bathroom shelf

Storage system from hanging boxes

Drawers are almost ready-made shelves that you just need to hang on the wall.

Drawer shelf

Multiple drawers of a single type can be made into a complete modular storage system.

Drawer shelves

Drawer shelves

Hanging shelves made of wood plank and leather straps

From a wooden board and a pair of leather belts, you can make such a stylish hanging shelf with your own hands for one or two times.

Shelf made of boards and leather straps

Shelf for storing fruits and vegetables

As you know, some fruits and vegetables need to be stored at room temperature. But where to find a place for this? Our answer is on the wall with the help of such a shelf made of wooden boards and metal baskets..

Shelf for storing vegetables and fruits

Pallet shelves

Roughly hewn from pallet planks, this mini shelf is suitable for storing bills and keys.

Shelf of boards from the pallet

Here are some more ideas for shelves and wall organizers that you can put together from pallets or planks from them..

Organizer for the kitchen

Bookshelf showcase

Bookshelf showcase

Wine rack from pallet

Homemade Wine Rack

Pallet kitchen shelf

Shelf for kitchen utensils

Shelf for kitchen utensils

Shelf for spices and kitchen utensils

Shelf for spices and kitchen utensils

Showcase shelf

Hallway shelf system

The following video instruction will help you to make a wine rack as in the photo above..

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Set, wardrobe, rack

How to equip a U-shaped kitchen

Due to the fact that the U-shaped kitchen uses three adjacent walls and two corners at once, it can be called a real kitchen-dream..

  • Firstly, it is very convenient to cook and carry out all work processes on it, from unloading products to cleaning;
  • Second, it provides more storage and cutting surfaces than any other kitchen shape;
  • Thirdly, it is quite versatile – it can be adjusted to the characteristics of the space by varying the distance between the sidewalls, their size, shape, or replacing one of them with a peninsula or a bar counter.

At the same time, the U-shaped headset is the most bulky and requires at least 5 sq. meters of free space. It turns out that if the room is small, the dining area will have to be equipped with a very tiny one or even replace it with a bar counter, which itself is part of the letter P. In addition, such a layout is not possible in a narrow room when the short walls of the room are less than 2.2 m wide, after all, the passage turns out to be too narrow, and this is not only inconvenient, but also prohibited by fire safety rules. The disadvantage of the U-shaped kitchen is the fact that it is not very convenient to cook on it in pairs, and even more so in a trio – it becomes too cramped.

From this material, you will find out if the U-shape is optimal for your kitchen and, if so, how to equip and plan it in the best way. And here you will also find 55 photo examples of U-shaped kitchens for inspiration and search for design ideas..

When is a U-shaped headset the best solution??

  • If your kitchen is square or rectangular, the letter “P” will fit into it with a bang – the passage between the two sidewalls will turn out not too wide and not too narrow.
  • If the kitchen is used only as a working space, and the dining room is taken out in a separate room or in an attached living room, then you have no reason to refuse such a convenient layout..

Kitchen-living room with U-shaped set

Design of a U-shaped kitchen with a dining room taken out into an attached living room

  • If you love to cook, do it often and a lot, then the U-shaped set will make cooking even more pleasant, speed up and facilitate all culinary processes.
  • If your kitchen has a bay window and you are ready organize a workspace under the window, then you will naturally get a U-shaped, or rather C-shaped headset.
  • C-shaped kitchen with a bay window of 13 sq. m
  • C-shaped kitchen with a bay window of 13 sq. m
  • C-shaped kitchen with a bay window of 13 sq. m
  • C-shaped kitchen with a bay window of 13 sq. m
  • For kitchen-living room or for a studio apartment, a U-shaped layout with a peninsula or a bar counter is ideal, as it will organically divide the space into zones.
  • Peninsula suite with French window Kitchen with an area of ​​14 sq. meters with a U-shaped set and a glass partition
  • Peninsula suite with French window Kitchen with an area of ​​14 sq. meters with a U-shaped set and a glass partition
  • Peninsula suite with French window Kitchen with an area of ​​14 sq. meters with a U-shaped set and a glass partition
  • Peninsula suite with French window Kitchen with an area of ​​14 sq. meters with a U-shaped set and a glass partition
  • Peninsula suite with French window Kitchen with an area of ​​14 sq. meters with a U-shaped set and a glass partition
  • Peninsula suite with French windowKitchen with an area of ​​14 sq. meters with a U-shaped set and a glass partition

12 home improvement tips

1. To make the kitchen comfortable, observe the “working triangle” rule when planning

According to this rule, the stove, sink and refrigerator should form a triangle and be located next to each other. The U-shaped layout is good because it allows you to easily follow this rule. You can assign one of three walls for each work point, or you can arrange the stove and sink along one wall, and place the refrigerator opposite, as shown in the plan below.

Working triangle

2. It is important that the passage is not too narrow or too wide.

The optimal and most convenient distance between the sides of the cabinet is 120 cm.The minimum allowable distance is 90 cm and the maximum is 180 cm.A larger passage will deprive the U-shaped kitchen of its main advantage – convenience.

3. If the passage is narrow and inconvenient, make one side of the headset narrower and beveled

If one of the sidewalls of the headset is located close to the doorway and makes it difficult to enter the kitchen, then it can and should be made beveled and narrower (for example, 45 cm deep). The same solution will be relevant if the kitchen is small and with the standard size of the pedestals, the distance between the two sides of the kitchen does not reach a comfortable 100-120 cm.

U-shaped set with narrow sidewall

  • Slanted kitchen cabinet An example of a beveled kitchen cabinet
  • Slanted kitchen cabinet An example of a beveled kitchen cabinet

Also, the cabinet located at the entrance to the kitchen can have a trapezoidal or rounded shape. Examples of such configurations, see the photo below..

U-shaped set with a trapezoidal curbstone at the entrance

Small U-shaped kitchen with a trapezoidal cabinet at the entrance

  • U-shaped kitchen with an area of ​​12.8 sq. m
  • U-shaped kitchen with an area of ​​12.8 sq. m
  • U-shaped kitchen with an area of ​​12.8 sq. m
  • U-shaped kitchen with an area of ​​12.8 sq. m
  • U-shaped kitchen with an area of ​​12.8 sq. m

4. One side of the headset may be shorter

This way you can allocate more space for the dining group or make the entrance to the kitchen more free..

5. To save space in a small kitchen, build a window sill into the headset

To do this, it must be leveled with the level of the floor pedestals by raising or lowering the window, and then combining it with a single tabletop with the headset. The built-in window sill can become both the side and the central part of the U-shaped headset, and it can be used as a bar counter or a work surface.

  • If you want to convert the window sill into a bar counter, complete the tabletop with one or two legs (if necessary), cover the radiator with a decorative screen and put a pair bar stools.

Window sill-bar counter-central part of the headset

U-shaped kitchen with a bar in the center

  • If you want to use the window sill as a work surface, it is necessary to build cabinets without a back wall under the countertop and close them with facades. This will hide the radiator and create additional storage space. An example is shown below in the photo. kitchens with an area of ​​only 5 sq. m, in which it became possible to build a U-shaped set only thanks to the alteration of the window sill.
  • U-shaped kitchen layout in Khrushchev
  • U-shaped kitchen layout in Khrushchev
  • U-shaped kitchen layout in Khrushchev

When building a window sill into a headset, do not forget to make ventilation holes in the worktop to allow heat to pass from the radiator to the window. If this is not done, it is highly likely that the windows will begin to fog up, due to which the niche will become covered with mold and mildew..

By the way, if you do not have the opportunity to raise / lower the window, and the difference between the height of the window sill and the floor pedestals is not great, then the joint between the multilevel countertops can be closed using a corner, as shown in the photo below.

Building a window sill into a headset

6. In order not to clutter up the kitchen, if possible, give up hanging cabinets in whole or in part.

Even one empty wall will greatly “lighten” the space, especially if the kitchen is not large. And to compensate for storage space, one or two walls can be equipped with a block of tall cases and, at the same time, the lower cabinets can be carefully planned..

  • Equip the corners of the lower tier with carousels or pull-out tiered baskets. Prefer drawers over swing cabinets. And even equip the plinth with a couple of mini-boxes on wheels. So the kitchen will accommodate everything you need..

You can replace the wall cabinets with a couple of open shelves. Although they are not very practical, they look much lighter..

  • U-shaped kitchen without wall cabinets
  • U-shaped kitchen without wall cabinets

See also the material on the topic: Kitchen without upper cabinets: 6 storage ideas, 5 layouts and 40 photos for inspiration.

7. Design the headset up to the ceiling and / or embed side-by-side pencil cases for roomy storage

If you need to create a maximum of storage places, design a tall headset with an additional tier and / or equip one or two sidewalls with pencil cases.

  • By the way, pencil cases are perfectly combined with built-in appliances – refrigerator, oven and microwave. This combination is good not only for its spaciousness, but also because it seems to “merge” with the wall and becomes almost invisible.
  • U-shaped kitchen with an area of ​​14.5 sq. meters
  • U-shaped kitchen with an area of ​​14.5 sq. meters

8. Choose facades in white or to match the walls

The U-shaped set itself is massive and monumental, so it needs to be “lightened” by all available visual means, especially when it comes to a small kitchen. Here are some tips on how to do this:

  • If you pick up the facades to match the walls, then the cabinet seems to “dissolve” in space, and the kitchen will not seem so cramped. Ideally, the color of the walls and facades for a kitchen with a U-shaped layout should be light. For example, white, beige, light gray, or cream will work. Below in the photo you can see interior of a 10-meter kitchen with beige walls and beige U-shaped set.
  • Beige U-shaped kitchen
  • Beige U-shaped kitchen
  • Beige U-shaped kitchen
  • Beige U-shaped kitchen
  • Beige U-shaped kitchen

Beige U-shaped kitchen table

  • The safest and most versatile color for a U-shaped headset is white. With it, even the smallest kitchen will seem spacious..

White U-shaped kitchen

White U-shaped kitchen

  • Do you want dark or bright colors? You can decorate the lower tier with them, one of the parts of the headset, or even an apron..
  • U-shaped kitchen
  • U-shaped kitchen
  • U-shaped kitchen
  • U-shaped kitchen
  • U-shaped kitchen
  • U-shaped kitchen
  • Glossy fronts work well in a small and dark kitchen. After all, gloss reflects light and makes furniture “weightless”. Glass inserts will create the same effect..
  • Want to be as light as possible? Choose solid facades without panels and even without handles as in the following photo example. The more uniform the kitchen surfaces, the better..

White U-shaped kitchen without handles

9. The island will help make a large U-shaped kitchen more convenient

In a very spacious kitchen, a large U-shaped set becomes uncomfortable. The island will help to correct this deficiency. The main thing is that the passages around it are wide enough – at least 90 cm.

Mobile island and U-shaped kitchen

10. Create adequate lighting

The tabletop must be illuminated along the entire length from the beginning to the end of the headset using furniture lighting or wall sconces. Ceiling lamps and suspensions are suitable for lighting a sink (see photo), as well as a built-in peninsula or a bar counter.

Small U-shaped kitchen

Lighting of the peninsula of the U-shaped kitchen

11. Strive for symmetry and focus on the center of the headset

U-shaped layouts look their best when they are symmetrically arranged and have a nice center. If you have the option of such a layout without sacrificing convenience, be sure to take advantage of it..

  • The center can be a cooker hood, a sink with a nice chandelier, or, say, a window with a nice curtain..

Symmetrical U-shaped kitchen

Symmetrical U-shaped kitchen

  • U-shaped kitchen in Provence style Symmetrical U-shaped kitchen in a classic style
  • U-shaped kitchen in Provence style Symmetrical U-shaped kitchen in a classic style

12. Use the corners 100%

Two corners of the kitchen should not be wasted, especially since they have great potential..

  • As we already mentioned, corner cabinets should be equipped with retractable multi-level systems or a carousel. So the corners will lose “dead zones” and will be very convenient.
  • At least one of the corners should be equipped with a sink or stove. In this case, it is desirable that the corner cabinet has a trapezoidal shape as in this kitchen in the photo below.

Kitchen set with sink in the corner and peninsula

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