The convenience and safety of the kitchen largely depends on how you arrange the sockets in the kitchen. Practice shows that it is not worth delegating the solution of this issue to the workers – after all, they do not have to cook in your kitchen..
In fact, you can draw a diagram of the location of outlets in literally an hour, if you already have an idea of what the kitchen will look like and what is ergonomically required of it..
We have collected for you the most important and useful information on this matter and packed it into step-by-step instructions.
Sockets in the kitchen: GOSTs and SNiPs
No, no one in any way forces you to study GOSTs 7397.0-89, 7396.1-89, 8594-80 and SNiP 3.05.06-85, dedicated to kitchen electrics. But the basic rules need to be known and followed:
- sockets in the kitchen should be located no higher than 2 m from the baseboard;
- the equipment that is connected to this outlet should not be further than 1 m from it;
- sockets in the kitchen should be placed in such a way that they do not get water or steam in any way.
At what point do you need to prepare the layout of the sockets in the kitchen?
The sooner you decide on the location of the outlets and switches, the better. When it comes to a private house under construction, sockets are usually marked at the design stage. If you have a new apartment at your disposal, then the best moment is immediately after the approval of the kitchen set plan.
- When ordering furniture from the factory, keep in mind that the manager must provide you with a plan with all dimensions and exact locations of the kitchen appliances..
Some salons meet their customers halfway and offer a scheme of recommended outlet points. But it will still be better if you think it over yourself..
Step-by-step instructions: how to draw a diagram of the placement of sockets in the kitchen?
Step 1. Draw a general plan and count the sockets
At the first stage, it is enough to take a printed kitchen plan and indicate by hand all the necessary sockets with arrows, signing what they are intended for. Sizing is not needed here yet, you just define the number and types of sockets.
The most standard set is as follows:
- waste shredder (aka disposer)
Non-stationary permanent technique:
- Electric kettle
- coffee machine
Non-stationary non-permanent technique:
- tablet / phone
- for main lighting
- for the space above the kitchen panel
Please note that some ovens and hoods are connected directly to the network, and not through the outlet, so it will be better if you decide on the models in advance..
Experts also recommend adding 20% of the number of required outlets that you counted for equipment that may appear in the future..
Step 2. We draw a scan of the walls with the indication of the sockets with dimensions and indents
For each wall, we take a separate sheet of paper and draw a rectangle on a scale of 1mm: 1cm, indicating the width and height of the wall, then schematically put equipment and cabinets on the plan (but respecting the scale and size!). Such a drawing is also called “front view”.
- When noting the exact location of the outlets, try to consider how often you will need to use them. For example, the outlet for the refrigerator does not need to be visible, but you should be able to reach it if you have to defrost it or unplug it when you leave. There are options when the outlet is installed above the refrigerator, but keep in mind that for some models, the factory cord may not be enough for the entire height, and you will have to use an extension cord.
- It is convenient when the sockets for the hob and oven are located in neighboring cabinets, but if there is no way to place them there, you can hide them under the plinth – as a rule, for kitchen sets it is 10-15 cm.Behind the equipment itself, especially when it is built-in , sockets are placed in extreme cases – after all, if it is necessary to replace, diagnose and repair equipment, it will not be easy to get to them.
- If you are looking for a sustainable lifestyle and want to install a waste disposer, you can hide the outlet for it in the cabinet under the sink. Just pay attention to the fact that the outlet has a high level of moisture protection – these are installed in bathrooms. The same goes for the dishwasher socket, it can be placed in the same place, because, as a rule, the machine and the shredder are adjacent to the sink. Remember: the dishwasher and washing machine must be flush against the wall! Therefore, it is definitely impossible to install sockets behind them. The same applies to refrigerators and ovens, although designers tend to deviate from this rule more often..
- As for the sockets for the working area, they are usually placed in blocks – 2-3 directly in the cooking area and 2-3 in the other side of the kitchen, where there is a kettle or a toaster. They should be located at least 5 centimeters above the tabletop..
- Leads for kitchen lights can be left behind overhead cabinets. The main thing is to bring out the wire with a margin so that you can vary the placement of the fixtures.
Step 3. Choosing the types of outlets
There are three main types of outlets that are suitable for use in the kitchen to varying degrees..
- Overhead sockets are popular and easy to install, but they “steal” space and are not moisture resistant enough. In addition, they are more suitable for exposed wiring..
- Corner sockets – on the contrary, save space and help out those who want to hide the connection points of non-stationary kitchen appliances. They can be installed at the joints of an apron and a baseboard, a wall and a wall cabinet or two walls. Installing them is no more difficult than conventional overhead sockets.
- Retractable sockets are the most modern option. As a rule, this is a module of several outlets, which is hidden in a tabletop or drawer and pulled out by pressing. In addition to the fact that this is the most aesthetic option, it allows you to protect the sockets from moisture and dirt, as well as preserve the integral pattern of the kitchen apron..
Step 4. We transfer all information on sockets to electricians / designers / foremen …
… and after a while we enjoy the comfort of our new kitchen!
Features of the location of sockets in the kitchen for different appliances
Let’s talk separately about the nuances of connecting different kitchen appliances.
Hob and oven
If you plan to place the oven under the hob, install two outlets at the bottom, 18 cm from the floor. It is at this height that a drawer will appear in the future. You can also build two sockets (one above the other) behind an adjacent cabinet 20 cm from its side wall and 20-75 cm from the floor.
If the oven stands separately at chest level, its socket can be placed in the lower cabinet at the same 20-75 cm from the floor.
A socket for an independent hob can be located under it 60-75 cm from the floor.
In addition to the nuances of connecting the refrigerator already mentioned above, you need to take into account a couple more points. For example, in the instructions for connecting, it is often indicated that extension cords are contraindicated for refrigerators, and their standard cords are usually no longer than a meter. The best place for a socket under the refrigerator is the back wall of an adjacent cabinet, a point 10-20 cm from the refrigerator itself and 20-75 cm from the floor.
Dishwasher and washing machine
The dishwasher, as a rule, is adjacent to the kitchen sink, and under the sink there is always a lot of free space and open access to the wall, so it is in this cabinet that it is best to put an outlet. For this, select a point 10-20 cm from the edge of the dishwasher and 20-40 cm from the floor..
The same diagram applies to a washing machine..
Please note – if you place an outlet immediately behind the machine, then the equipment will not stand close to the wall, it will work more noisy and will not fit into the kitchen set in size.
Some hoods are connected directly to the network – in this case, you just need to leave a pin for connection. Other models have a cable with a plug. For them, the outlet can be placed in the same cabinet (if the hood is hidden) at a height of 2-2.4 m from the floor, so that it is above or below the hood itself. Open hoods are usually directly connected.
Microwave oven and built-in coffee machine
Most often, the built-in microwave oven is installed at eye level, so the socket for it can be placed in the lower cabinet 20-75 cm from the floor. The same rules apply to the built-in coffee machine, and often they are installed side by side, so that you can simply install a double socket instead of a single socket.