MDF kitchens are modern furniture made from finely dispersed timber Such material is especially relevant for rooms with high humidity – kitchens, baths and water closets. Today the market offers a wide selection of furniture made from such materials..
What are the types of mdf for the kitchen
In the 21st century, the century of plastics and composite materials, pure wood is rarely used for furniture, because solid wood is quite expensive, prone to deformation in a humid atmosphere, drying out and cracking. It is much more convenient to set composites made of wood raw materials, bonded with polymeric materials – plywood, chipboard or MDF, which have been used for decades and collect good consumer reviews.
Unfortunately, chipboards are made on the basis of phenol-formaldehyde resins, and new furniture releases carcinogenic and general toxic formalin into the air for a long time. A good substitute is MDF – a material made from a fine fraction (essentially from sawdust), fastened not with phenol-formaldehyde resin, but with wood lignin. In general, wood consists of cellulose, which forms the cell walls of the plant, and lignin, which cements the structure. When wood is heated, lignin is partially tarred and liquefied. It is used for pressing boards.
Material from a fine fraction, bonded with wood lignin – a good replacement for chipboard for the manufacture of kitchen furniture
Moreover, the material obtained has undoubted advantages:
- Inexpensive, as it is produced, in essence, from woodworking waste;
- Non-toxic, odorless;
- The shining gloss of the surface gives the furniture a beautiful and “new” look;
- Weakly reacts to changes in humidity, as it is dressed in plastic.
In general, MDF material is produced in three grades:
- Solid pressed panels – smooth plates of medium density, heat and sound insulating, very moisture resistant;
- Laminated panels are more moisture resistant, resistant to chemical pollution and mechanical destruction, much more durable than solid pressed panels;
- High density moisture resistant panels to withstand even prolonged exposure to hot condensation.
Kitchen furniture is made of moisture-resistant and laminated MDF panels..
For the manufacture of kitchen furniture, moisture-resistant, laminated MDF panels are used.
MDF kitchens: pros and cons
MDF as a material from which the facades of kitchen or room furniture are made has many undoubted advantages and is widely used.
The advantages of the material are as follows:
- Low cost, since the plates are pressed from industrial waste;
- The elegant appearance, given by the tinting film, the material imitates the structure of valuable wood species;
- Easy to clean – just wipe with a damp cloth;
- High mechanical strength and durability.
The disadvantages of MDF are its instability to moisture loads. Exposure to hot condensate or saturated steam at high temperatures leads to swelling, deformation and delamination of the film at the joints and ends.
As an alternative to MDF, there are plastic-faced chipboards. Such material is much more moisture resistant..
Choosing kitchens from MDF: gloss or matte finish
Shiny glossy surfaces of tables and fronts of kitchen cabinets and shelves reflect the floor and interior items, visually enlarge the kitchen space and create a good mood. Therefore, most often the external decoration of the facades of panels and cabinets is glossy. Such a surface is sufficiently resistant to minor mechanical damage and is easy to clean..
The most advantageous option is a gloss with fine shiny crumbs. On such a surface, small splashes and streaks are practically invisible..
A PVC film is pressed onto MDF boards, which gives a gloss to the surface. Such boards are distinguished by a large selection of textures and colors, abrasion resistance and ease of maintenance. However, it should be remembered that PVC film of low quality does not withstand prolonged exposure to humid air, begins to flake off, and the deep layers of MDF warp. Do not expose such a surface to sunlight..
Corner glossy facades painted with nitro enamel are even more technologically advanced. Here the customer is free to choose a color, pattern or ornament. You can even order painting with gradient transitions of colors and shades. The advantage of such a surface is its great resistance to warm humid air, and the disadvantage is the significant high cost, fragility and instability to fatty pollution..
The shiny glossy surface of MDF fronts and kitchen cabinets is highly resistant to warm humid air
What does the facade of a kitchen from mdf look like?
Glossy type-setting sectional kitchen furniture is made in various modifications and sizes. As a rule, the facade of the kitchen consists of a digestion section, a sink and a common surface of the table, on which whole fish, large pieces of meat, vegetables and herbs are cut.
Of course, you cannot put hot pans and pots on the kitchen cutting table, you must use wooden coasters.
Corner top units contain a dish drainer, as well as storage cupboards for china and glassware and condiments. All linear and corner cabinets are aligned in size, forming a flat facade without protrusions and recesses. However, there are design solutions in which the facades are recruited from cabinets of the same thickness, but of different heights..
The lower section contains drawers with cutlery, as well as spacious cabinets for storing metal dishes. One of the sections contains a garbage can. Also, the cabinet under the sink hides the sewer outlet and serves as a storage place for various chemical detergents and cleaning liquids, gels and powders. Exhaust ventilation is installed above the cooking section. The advantages of this configuration are the economical use of the available space while separating odorous substances from each other. Cons – in the abundance of fittings, which often fail.
The darker and more saturated the color of the facade, the less visible the joints between the sections. Gloss also reduces the visibility of joints..
On kitchen furniture made of MDF, with a dark and saturated color of the facade, the joints between the sections are less noticeable
Choosing corner kitchens from mdf
Since the kitchen area is usually small, the front of the kitchen table and wall cabinets usually have an angular or U-shaped configuration. Corner cabinets allow you to make fuller use of a small kitchen space, and the ensemble of furniture itself looks natural and harmonious.
Since the corner necessarily has a joint between the plates, it is recommended to order the tabletop separately in the form of a single piece. In this case, water will not penetrate between the plates and there will be no delamination of the countertop..
Corner modules have doors located at an angle to both mating surfaces, in this case there is a smooth transition from one side to the other. Existing technologies for the production of MDF make it possible to make the angle not even beveled, but curved, when the perpendicular surfaces mate smoothly. This is pleasing to the eye, but excludes the possibility of making a door in this place..
Corner facades look natural if they are made in a single ensemble of geometric shapes and colors.
Very often, the corner lower sections are joined at right angles, and the upper ones are mated under a beveled.
Thus, most modern kitchen sets are made of finely dispersed MDF material, which is quite inexpensive, durable and resistant to mechanical damage. The gloss of the surface of such a headset, as a rule, is created by PVC film or acrylic paint. Thanks to this, the kitchen made of MDF has an elegant look, it is easy to wash off dirt from it, and the plastic coating makes the material even more moisture resistant. Corner kitchens provide for the device of a solid worktop made of a single piece of MDF with a strong pressed PVC foil. Furniture made of plastic with MDF lasts significantly longer than wood.
Corner kitchens made of MDF allow you to make fuller use of a small kitchen space
MDF or chipboard which is better? (video)
Modern MDF kitchens (photo gallery)