Kitchen color

9 principles of combining colors in the interior of the kitchen

A successful kitchen design largely depends on the color scheme. But in order to plan it correctly, one idea of ​​the color that you would like to see in the interior is clearly not enough. It is necessary to accurately determine the main and additional shades, make harmonious combinations, place accents, hide flaws and emphasize the advantages of the room.

9 principles of color in the kitchen

1. Combine only 3-5 shades

As a rule, the background of the kitchen is made up of the largest surfaces and objects: walls, floor, kitchen set (large furniture). It is their colors in the interior palette that will be the main ones and most often – neutral, natural and close to each other. In addition to the basic colors, you can choose two or three additional colors – darker, more saturated or brighter.

Below is a photo-example of the kitchen interior, in which there are 5 colors (scroll the photo to the right).

  • Kitchen interior with colored accents and a neutral baseKitchen interior with colored accents and a neutral base
  • Kitchen interior with colored accents and a neutral base Kitchen interior with colored accents and a neutral base
  • Kitchen interior with colored accents and a neutral base Kitchen interior with colored accents and a neutral base
  • Kitchen interior with colored accents and a neutral baseKitchen interior with colored accents and a neutral base

2. Match colors using the color wheel

When composing a color combination in the kitchen, it is useful to know how to work with the chromatic circle, which schematically represents the rainbow spectrum. Buy it from an art store and try to play with color combinations using the following basic algorithms:

Scheme 1. Monochromatic color combination: the interior is decorated with shades from only one segment of the color wheel.

Monochromatic color combination

A kitchen with a monochrome color scheme (for example, as in the photo below) turns out to be elegant and peaceful. But there is a danger: the interior may seem too simple and boring. To avoid this, combine dark shades with light ones, and also add spectacular textures or a little contrasting details to the monochrome space..

Small kitchen in brown tones

Small kitchen in shades of brown

Scheme 2. Contrasting combination of colors: shades that are located opposite each other in a circle are combined. Colors that contrast to each other are also called complementary..

Contrasting color combination

An interior with such a scale turns out to be interesting and very expressive, but in order for it to be viable, the selected colors must, firstly, be diluted with white or other neutral colors, and secondly, the shades should not be pure, but more complex, for example, muted whitened or deep. Agree, it is unlikely that someone would have sat in this kitchen for a long time (pictured below) if its walls were painted not in ocher and dark azure, but in pure orange and pure blue.

  • Kitchen with contrasting colors
  • Kitchen with contrasting colors
  • Kitchen with contrasting colors
  • Kitchen with contrasting colors

Scheme 3. Harmonious combination of colors: based on the use of “neighbors” around the circle, which are also called similar colors. Such combinations are the most versatile, but also require contrasting or bright accents, complemented by neutral colors..

Harmonious color combination

Yellow, green and orange are neighbors in a circle, and therefore this interior is so pleasing to the eye.

Harmonious interior colors

In addition to the described three color schemes, there are other principles for combining colors: the principle of extremely distant pairs, intermediate colors, the principle of composing triads, the principle of a rectangle, square and hexagon, and others..

Color combination scheme

Color combination scheme

3. The color scheme of the interior must match the style

Often the range of color solutions dictates the style of the interior, so if you have already decided on its choice, then it will be easier to compose a palette:

  • Classic style kitchens or style art deco are made in deep but muted colors, the walls are painted with paints, as if made on the basis of natural pigments. Bright accents are not characteristic of classic interiors, but contrasts are allowed..

Classic kitchen

  • Kitchen-living room in Khrushchev Art Deco kitchen
  • Kitchen-living room in Khrushchev Art Deco kitchen
  • Beige and blue kitchen
  • Beige and blue kitchen
  • Beige and blue kitchen
  • Beige and blue kitchen
  • For European styles shabby chic and provence, Gustavian and French are characterized by a pastel and neutral palette without too bright accents.

Traditional cuisine

Provence style blue kitchen

  • Basic colors Scandinavian style kitchens, generally light and natural, but often with bright or contrasting accents.

Kitchen interior with bright accents

Scandinavian style kitchen

  • Scandinavian style kitchen
  • Scandinavian style kitchen
  • Loft and industrial is built on dark muted tones, often with a lot of brick, wood, concrete and metal shades.

Interior of a small kitchen in the loft style

  • Pop art, retro and boho chic – directions for those who love bright and saturated colors as in the following collection of photo interiors.
  • Kitchen in bright colors
  • Kitchen in bright colors
  • Kitchen in bright colors
  • Kitchen in bright colors
  • Rustic and minimalistic style, eco-style and country based on shades of natural materials – sand, herbs, clay, stones and, of course, wood.

Eco-style kitchen

Kitchen in natural colors

Having familiarized yourself in detail with the canons of the desired style and having studied the photos of the interiors, you can get good ideas for combinations of shades and textures and, perhaps, even find a ready-made solution..

4. It is undesirable to decorate the kitchen floor and work surfaces with dark colors.

The fact is that against a dark background, dust, fingerprints, stains, crumbs, water drops, stains, and wool are very noticeable. To wipe a countertop, say, in wenge color or a tiled floor in a shade of wet asphalt, to a state of perfect cleanliness, you will have to try very hard. If you cook often and are not ready to pay much attention to cleaning, then you should stay away from dark floors, an apron, countertops and facades..

Black kitchen color

The black color of the kitchen is very effective, but very difficult to maintain, especially in the gloss as in this photo.

5. Consider the orientation of the windows to the cardinal points and the level of illumination

If the kitchen faces the north side, then soft white and warm saturated colors will help to make up for the lack of warmth and light: yellow, red, orange, pink.

  • Yellow and white kitchen
  • Yellow and white kitchen
  • Yellow and white kitchen

But with boiling white, shades of blue, light blue, purple and gray, it is unlikely that you can make friends – in dim natural light they will look cloudy and even create a feeling of cold. Also, do not get carried away with pastel shades, since without sunlight they will seem dirty and dull. But in sunny southern kitchens, cold shades will look fresh, and pastel ones – gentle. On the other hand, warm colors in bright light may seem too active and oppressive, or create a feeling of stuffiness..

Test color

When choosing the color of the walls for the kitchen, it is advisable to test the selected shades of paint in real conditions.

6. If the kitchen is small, then it is better to bet on light shades.

The most effective way to visually enlarge a small kitchen is to decorate the base of the interior in white. In a space with white walls, floor, ceiling and headsets, borders seem to disappear, and there is much more light. So that a white kitchen does not seem boring, in its interior you need to either combine expressive textures and materials, for example, white bricks and gloss (see photo below), or use colored accents and contrasts.

White kitchen 5 sq. meters

White bar table

White small kitchen in Khrushchev

However, if you don’t like white, you can replace it with light shades of gray, cream, beige, blue, light green and others..

Small kitchen in light colors

Gray-blue walls in the interior of a small kitchen-dining room

Gray-blue color of the walls in the kitchen in a classic style

7. Cold shades pacify appetite, warm shades excite

If you are an avid culinary specialist, gourmet or just a lover of beautifully photographing food, then warm shades (yellow, red and orange, wood and brick textures) in the dining or work area will be very useful. On the other hand, if you strive for a moderate diet, then an apron or, say, a tablecloth on the table, it is better to choose in cold colors..

  • Blue apron
  • Blue apron

8. The starting point for planning the color scheme can be furniture that you noticed in the store or, say, an existing finish.

If you do not plan to purchase custom-made furniture, paint the kitchen yourself, or if you already have some kind of decoration / appliances / furniture in your kitchen, then it is more logical to build on the color scheme from their shades..

9. Make a palette or collage and always use them when purchasing finishing materials, furniture and decor

It is impossible to remember the color and color combinations, so you need to use cheat sheets in the form of a palette, collage or mud board with samples of materials. There are special online programs for compiling and searching for ready-made palettes (for example, Kuler), but you can also use any graphics editor with the eyedropper tool. For a sample, the easiest way is to take a photo of the interior you like (not even necessarily a kitchen) and highlight 3-5 colors. When the palette is ready, save it to your phone to consult it when choosing materials, furniture and decor..

Drawing up a color scheme for the interior of the kitchen

Drawing up a color scheme for the interior of the kitchen

The second way, which will help you not to be mistaken with shades and textures, is to create a collage in any graphic editor: just place photos of all interior elements (you need to look for them on manufacturers’ websites) next to each other. The collage will help to imagine the future interior and show what needs to be corrected in colors and the choice of materials / furniture.

Collage

Ideally, instead of a collage, you should use a mud board – a board with samples of finishing materials (see photo). For example, it can be pieces of wallpaper, curtains, ceramic tiles, etc. As a result, you can find not only the perfect color for the kitchen, but also harmonious combinations of textures, and you can also unmistakably choose things in the colors you need..

Mood board with samples of materials

Characteristics and successful combinations of primary colors

Red

This color is nowhere more appropriate than in the kitchen, but you need to be careful with it. In small doses – warms, invigorates, stimulates the appetite, in large doses – crushes and irritates.

  • White and red kitchen
  • White and red kitchen
  • Combinations: the aggressiveness of red is well neutralized by white and good-natured green, it can be supplemented with black details, and also combined with cold colors and all related shades – yellow, orange, burgundy, brown.

Kitchen in Khrushchev with a red refrigerator

See more: Red in the interior of the kitchen: 5 tips and 85 inspiring photos

Blue

Blue is a great color for the kitchen, but with good sunlight or use in moderation. Blue is suitable for those who struggle with the habit of overeating, who love peace of mind and need self-confidence..

  • Combinations: with white, with cold colors – gray, green, blue and purple, as well as warm antipodes – orange, yellow, brown, red.
  • Navy blue kitchen
  • Navy blue kitchen
  • Navy blue kitchen
  • Navy blue kitchen
  • Navy blue kitchen

Gzhel style kitchen

Blue and blue color in the interior of the kitchen

Blue and blue color in the interior of the kitchen

See more: How to fit blue into a kitchen interior – 5 tips and 60 photos

Green

Ideal for the kitchen, as it sets you in a positive mood, which is always necessary at breakfast before going to work and at dinner – before going to bed. Unlike warm and cold shades, green has a neutral effect on appetite..

  • Country style kitchen
  • Country style kitchen
  • Country style kitchen
  • Kitchen with light green walls
  • Kitchen with light green walls

Green kitchen

  • Combinations: the ideal pair for green is red, it also combines well with “neighbors” blue and yellow, warm shades – orange and brown (it’s not for nothing that the green-brown pair dominates the world of flora).

Salad kitchen

See more: Green for the perfect kitchen – 5 top tips and 100 photos

Yellow

It invigorates, cheers, warms, any food against such a background seems appetizing, but in large quantities, yellow can irritate the psyche. This color is especially indicated for northern and dark kitchens – here it can replace sunlight..

  • Kitchen-living room with bar Yellow kitchen
  • Kitchen-living room with barYellow kitchen
  • Kitchen-living room with bar Yellow kitchen
  • Combinations: with red, blue, light blue, lilac, purple, green, brown and, of course, with gray (with him it becomes more serious), white and black.

Yellow kitchen in modern style

See more: Yellow color in the interior of the kitchen – 5 top tips and 100 photos for inspiration

Gray

Light gray is the perfect color for kitchen walls and headsets.

Light gray walls

Kitchen in gray tones

Gray is always practical and versatile, moreover, almost all colors paired with it become more noble and more effective. However, the abundance of gray (except for very light tones) can be depressing and cold. For dark kitchens, shades of gray are contraindicated..

  • Combinations: gray goes well with all the colors of the rainbow, but especially good with white (gray walls with white skirting boards look stunning), pink, yellow.

Gray kitchen with purple and pink accents

  • Gray color in the interior of the kitchen
  • Gray color in the interior of the kitchen
  • Gray color in the interior of the kitchen
  • Gray color in the interior of the kitchen

See more: All about the use of gray in the interior of the kitchen

Purple

This color is almost the most difficult to use, as it has a contradictory effect – it simultaneously excites and soothes. Therefore, it should be used only in very small quantities..

  • Combinations: with neutral colors – white, gray, brown, with their complementary color – yellow, as well as their “parents” – red and blue.

Purple wallpaper in the interior of the kitchen

Purple color in the interior of the kitchen

See in more detail: Purple color in the interior of the kitchen – 5 secrets of application

Brown

The color of the earth and wood soothes, creates a sense of security and comfort in the interior. It is especially good for use in textiles, flooring and furniture. However, in large quantities and without suitable complementary colors can be tiresome.

Brown kitchen

  • Brown color in the interior of the kitchen in a country house
  • Brown color in the interior of the kitchen in a country house
  • Combinations: with white, beige, green, with related warm shades and opposites – blue and light blue.

Brown wall in the interior of the kitchen

See more: 7 secrets of brown in the interior of the kitchen

Black

If you use this color in moderation and combine it with lighter or more cheerful shades, then black can bring sophistication and severity to the interior..

Black furniture in the interior of the kitchen in the country

Black furniture in the interior of the kitchen in the country

Black kitchen

Olive and black in the interior of the kitchen

It looks especially stylish in the “checkerboard” finish of the floor and apron, in the form of decor (photo frames, figurines, vases) and in the form of prints on textiles / wallpaper.

  • Combinations: matches all colors.
  • Black color in the interior of the kitchen
  • Black color in the interior of the kitchen

See in more detail: Black color in the interior of the kitchen – 150 photos, 3 rules and 6 successful combinations

Photo gallery

Provence beige kitchen Provence beige kitchen Two windows in the kitchen-dining room Provence style kitchen decor

Yellow color in the interior of the kitchen Kitchen interior in white tones Pictures in the design of the dining area Pictures in the design of the dining area

Indoor plants in the dining area Country style kitchen with solid worktop Loft-style kitchen with chairs in purple upholstery Chandelier over the table

Light kitchen in Provence style