Hood and gas water heater

8 steps of choosing a hood for the kitchen and 40 photos

First, let’s figure out why a hood is needed in the kitchen and is it needed at all? This device has two important functions:

  • Protects furniture, walls, ceiling and textiles from the appearance of grease and soot;
  • Removes and cleans the air from smoke, odors, combustion products, vapors and other impurities that are harmful to health, formed during cooking on the stove.

By the way, the air in the kitchen during the heat treatment of food becomes the dirtiest in the house. Therefore, if you often cook, your kitchen is not the smallest and / or you use a gas stove and a water heater, then you cannot do without a kitchen hood..

Extractor fan in the kitchen

Do you need a hood in the kitchen? Our answer is yes, you really need it if you cook regularly, use a gas stove, and also if your kitchen has more than 10 square meters of area or is combined with a living room / hallway.

However, in order for the hood to really benefit and not be idle, it must be chosen correctly: in terms of performance, operating mode, umbrella size and design. Our 8-step guide with photographs of appliances in the interior will help you to understand all the nuances of choosing a kitchen hood..

Step 1. Determine the type of hood

The first step is to decide: you need a flow or circulation hood.

  • The flow hood is connected to the ventilation duct of the house and removes the exhaust air into it. Flow-through models can not only completely (!) Remove the exhaust air in the exhaust mode, but also work in the circulation mode and run fresh air from the street into the room. If in your kitchen it is possible to connect the hood to the ventilation shaft of the building, then this should be done, especially if the kitchen is not small or combined.

Flow-through hood

Flow hood in the interior of the kitchen-living room

  • The circulating hood is not connected to the ventilation duct and only works in recirculation mode – it passes the polluted air through the filters, and then throws the cleaned air back into the room. This type of hood is less efficient, in many respects its performance depends on the quality of the filters, so they need to be changed / cleaned in a timely manner (we will talk about filters a little below). But the circulating one helps out when it is not possible to connect the hood to the ventilation shaft. For example, if the island table with a stove is installed too far from the ventilation duct, and you don’t want to pull the air duct through the entire kitchen.
  • Suspended hoods
  • Suspended hoods

Circulating hood

Circulating hood in the interior of the kitchen

And circulating hoods are cheaper than flowing ones, so if you want to save money and your kitchen is small, then a circulating hood is quite suitable..

Now let’s talk a little about filters..

  • Cooker hood filters are divided into two categories: charcoal and grease filters. Circulating devices are equipped with charcoal filters, and flow-through ones are equipped with grease filters. The first ones trap fat particles, soot, smoke, fumes. They are used in any operating mode of the hood, they can be disposable or reusable.

For more details, see the material: Filters for kitchen hoods – rules for selection and replacement

Step 2. Decide which device we need – built-in, suspended or domed?

  1. Suspended hoods (from 2300 rubles) are always only circulating, compact and the most inexpensive. Most often they are mounted under the kitchen cabinet above the stove or mounted to the wall..

Suspended cooker hood

An example of a pendant type of device

  1. Dome hood is a structure of an umbrella and a pipe and resembles a fireplace with a chimney (therefore they are often called fireplaces). Such models always require connection to the duct and are more expensive, but they also look more elegant. And, as a rule, they have great performance. If you cook often, your stove / kitchen is large and you want the hood to decorate the interior, then the fireplace model is what you need..

Dome hood

Dome hood in the interior of a classic kitchen

  1. Built-in hoods are built into the cabinet above the stove or into a decorative dome and connected to the air duct. They are good because they simply cannot be seen, in addition, due to the lack of decorative trim, built-in models are cheaper than domed ones..
  • In addition to stationary built-in hoods, there are telescopic (retractable) models, which, if necessary, can be increased to the size of the plate.
  • Built-in hood in the interior
  • Built-in hood in the interior
  • Built-in hood in the interior

Both domed and built-in hoods can be angular as in the photo below …

Corner hood

… or island. Island hoods are fixed to the ceiling above the stove in the island table, they are beautiful from all sides. In this category of hoods, you can find both circulation devices and flow-through ones that work for air extraction. Another feature of island hoods is that some models can be lowered to the stove only if necessary (such hoods are called mobile).

Island hood

Step 3. We clarify the dimensions of the plate and hood

The main principle of choosing a hood by size is simple: the width of the umbrella should correspond to the width of the plate or be larger than it (but not less!).

  • For this reason, the most common appliances are 50 cm, 60 cm and 90 cm wide range hoods..

Cooker hood

For very large slabs, you can choose a hood with a width of 120 cm or 100 cm, although their choice is not too large.

  • The depth can be from 30 to 50 cm.This parameter, although not so important, is still better, to choose the device so that its visor does not protrude much above the stove, otherwise you can hit it.

If you choose a chimney hood, then the height of the appliance also matters. After all, it says what is the maximum allowable distance between the lower surface of the umbrella and the ventilation hole it allows. Some hoods are 1.5 m high, while others are only 1 meter..

  • By the way, important information: the hood must be installed at least 60 centimeters from the stove..

Read more in the material: What size should be the hood for the kitchen?

Step 4. Calculate optimal performance

It’s time to talk about the most important criterion for choosing a kitchen hood – performance..

  • Hood performance is an indicator of the maximum volume of air that the appliance can capture in an hour of operation. The capacity of the weakest kitchen hood can be 150 m3 / hour, and the most powerful one – 2500 m3 / hour..

How powerful your hood should be depends on the size of the kitchen (including the size of the attached rooms, if any).

To find out the minimum performance of the device, carry out the following calculations:

  1. Multiply the area of ​​the kitchen by the height of the walls;
  2. Then multiply the resulting product by 12 (this is the rate of air exchange per hour according to SES);
  3. Finally, multiply this value by a factor of 1.5 or 1.7 (for an electric hob) or 2 (in case you have a gas stove);
  4. Now that you have found out the required minimum performance of the hood for your kitchen, add another 10% to it for each bend of the duct and for each meter of its length (from the ventilation duct to the hood), as well as another 10% in case of emergency – the need to remove smoke , the smell of burning or, say, fish.

Step 5. Pay attention to the noise level

Do you want to cook in relative silence? Choose a hood with a noise level of up to 45 decibels. True, quiet hoods are significantly more expensive, and sometimes their silence is achieved by reducing engine power.

  • Which hood is better – with one super-powerful motor or with two slightly less powerful ones? The second option is preferable, since it allows the hood to work not too loudly and at the same time quite efficiently..
  • Inexpensive hoods are always noisy. Models with noise levels greater than 50 dB can be almost as loud and annoying as a hair dryer or vacuum cleaner.

Step 6. Choosing the type of control

Different hoods have different control: push-button, touch, electronic (with the possibility of remote control) or slide (see photo).

Sliding hood

  • In our opinion, it is worth giving preference to a device with a backlit touch control panel – it is much easier to keep it clean than the protruding buttons that now and then threaten to “stick” in fat.

Step 7. Dealing with additional functions

  • Almost all hoods are equipped with lamps. This simple addition often helps out during cooking, so it makes sense in the store to test the backlight for the ease of turning on and replacing the lamp. Ideally, the bulbs in the hood should be LED – they are safe, do not fade for a long time, do not heat up and can be easily disposed of..

Built-in hood with lighting

  • Depending on the “sophistication”, you can see models with 1-2 air intake speeds and even with 10. In our opinion, it makes little sense to overpay for an abundance of speeds, 3-4 modes will be quite enough for most non-professional cooks.
  • Also, modern hoods are almost always equipped with a timer or a residual stroke button, which makes it possible to synchronize its operation with the stove..
  • When buying a hood, you should make sure that it has protective shutdown sensors and a sensor that reminds you that it is time to replace / clean the grease filter.
  • Some manufacturers (for example, Siemens) even build TVs into hoods.

Hood with TV

Step 8. Planning the hood design

If you decide to purchase a built-in or pendant model, then the need to choose a design disappears by itself. But when choosing a chimney-type exhaust device, the appearance of the case is of great importance. Here are some tips to help you:

  • For classic and “Rustic” interiors it is worth choosing built-in invisible hoods or domed appliances in retro or country style. Carvings, artificially aged body finishes, brass or antique silver inserts – all this will be very appropriate in traditional kitchens. Fortunately, models in retro style are now represented on the market by almost all manufacturers. By the way, a standard hood can be closed with a decorative dome.
  • Decorative dome for hood and column Decorative dome for hood and column
  • Decorative dome for hood and column Decorative dome for hood and column

Built-in hood in the interior of a classic kitchen

Built-in hood in the interior of a classic kitchen

Retro-cooker hood SMEG in the interior

Hood in retro style in the interior of the kitchen

  • For modern interiors devices with a laconic design with clear or rounded shapes are more suitable. Possibly colored and printed, with glossy, matte or chrome finishes. The main thing is that their size and shape should not be at the expense of the functionality of the technique, as is often the case in practice..
  • So, for example, we advise you to abandon the popular inclined hoods as in the photo below. Due to the inclination of the case, such devices become ineffective, although they look great, take up little space, are easy to use and prevent tall users from accidentally hitting their heads on the visor.

Inclined hood in the interior of the kitchen

Another unfortunate example of choosing a hood – this “cylinder” is too small for a stove with 4 burners.

The cylindrical shape of the hood in the interior of the kitchen

  • It is safest to choose the color of the hood to match the facades, walls or apron..
  • It is easiest to maintain metal hoods, as well as light-colored appliances such as metallic or white..
  • The most difficult to clean are extracts of dark colors with a glossy surface as in the photo below..

Black hood in the interior of the kitchen

Dust, fingerprints, smudges and stains are doubly noticeable on black hoods

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