Gardening

How to grow dill and parsley on a windowsill

Dill and parsley are the most favorite and familiar herbs on our table. If you want to always have fresh greens at hand, be sure of its quality and just have a pleasant hobby, then we suggest creating your own home mini-vegetable garden.

In this resource, you will find 3 step-by-step instructions on how to grow dill and parsley on a windowsill..

How to grow dill at home

Dill is an annual plant, so you won’t be able to quickly get a harvest by planting root crops or bulbs..

  • It takes 5-8 weeks to grow dill from seed at home..

But you can plant it in an apartment at any time of the year. True, from October to early spring, dill requires additional lighting with fluorescent lamps. The best time to grow dill on the windowsill is from March to August. At this time, it is easier to care for the plant, and you do not need to create additional lighting for this..

Dill in a pot

What we need:

  1. Pot or container 15-20 cm deep and with drainage holes at the bottom.
  2. Soil for indoor plants and preferably garden soil.
  3. Spray water.
  4. Fluorescent lamps (if you grow dill in winter).
  5. Seeds.

Which varieties are more suitable for growing dill at home: early ripening, mid-ripening or late-ripening?

  • If you want to quickly get greens or umbrellas and seeds for conservation, then choose the early varieties Gribovsky or Grenadier. They will give a crop quickly, but, unfortunately, it will not turn out to be rich (4-6 leaves), and soon after the leaves appear, the early ripe dill will begin to bloom.
  • Mid-season varieties (Richelieu, Umbrella, Kibray) will produce greens about 10 days later, but there will be more of it (6-10 leaves).
  • Late-ripening bush varieties of dill (Alligator, Russian Gigant, Buyan) yield a harvest later, but the richest in leaves (more than 10). Perhaps this option is most suitable for obtaining fresh greens..

Step 1. Seed preparation

In order for the seeds to germinate faster and better, they must first be soaked in warm water for 24-48 hours, changing the water every 12 hours. Then the seeds that remain on the surface of the water must be selected and thrown away, since, most likely, they are not suitable for planting. All other seeds that have fallen to the bottom must be removed with a sieve or spilled through cheesecloth and dried on it..

Step 2. Soil preparation

While the seeds are soaking, you can start preparing the soil. To get started, fill the bottom of the pot or container with a 2–3 cm thick expanded clay drainage layer. As a soil for dill, a mixture of garden soil (it is better to prepare it in the fall) and soil for indoor flowers is suitable. If you do not have the opportunity to purchase good garden land, season the purchased soil with vermicompost in a ratio of 1: 4. Another suitable option is a mixture of vermicompost with cocoa fiber in a 1: 2 ratio. Keep in mind that the better and looser the soil, the more likely you are to get a good result..

Step 3. Sowing seeds

Now you need to irrigate the ground with water from a spray, dig small grooves in it with a depth of 1-1.5 cm, sow seeds in them, then lightly sprinkle them with earth from the edges of the grooves and moisten the ground with water from a spray bottle again.

  • It is important that the grooves are shallow and the seeds are not sprinkled too tightly..

Now it remains to cover the pot with plastic wrap or a bag and leave to germinate for a week in a dark place where the air temperature does not exceed 18-20 degrees. When shoots appear, pull out the extra shoots so that there is an interval of 3 cm between the remaining shoots, and then place the pot on the windowsill.

Dill seedlings in a pot

Step 4. create additional lighting

Dill is a plant native to the sunny Mediterranean and cannot grow without light. Moreover, light for him is much more important than heat. When growing dill at home from March to August, the sowing pot can simply be placed on a well-lit windowsill..

  • The dill should get enough sunlight for at least 6 hours a day. On cloudy days, it is advisable to supplement the plants with lamps. If in the room where your mini-garden is growing, the air temperature exceeds 20 degrees, it is also advisable to highlight it.

To grow dill on a windowsill in winter, you need to provide it with additional lighting with white-spectrum fluorescent lamps, setting them at a height of 50 cm above the crops.

  • In winter, artificial lighting of plants with fluorescent lamps should last at least 12 hours a day..

Step 5. Taking care of the harvest

Well, that’s all, it remains only to provide the plant with proper care and wait 30-40 days before harvesting the first harvest. Here are some rules and tips to help you during this period:

  • In summer, dill should be watered often, preventing the soil from drying out, and in winter – in moderation, waiting for the soil to dry out after the last watering.
  • To make the dill juicy, spray it with water every day..
  • For watering, use only settled water at room temperature, otherwise the dill will get sick and turn yellow. In winter, you can use the water thawed from the snow..
  • The ideal temperature for growing dill on the windowsill is + 15- + 18 degrees. Minimum allowable: +8 degrees. Maximum allowable: +25 degrees.
  • If the soil in which you planted the dill was not of good quality, it is recommended to feed it with Agrolife fertilizers (1 r. / Month, 1 tsp. In the top layer of the earth) or Vermicompost (add in the aisle or around the stems 1 time in two months at the rate of 2-3 tbsp. l per pot).
  • Since the leaves and stems of dill do not grow back after cutting, in order to regularly get a harvest, you need to plant seeds every three weeks.

Below is a video instruction on how to grow dill on a windowsill in winter.

How to grow parsley on a windowsill

So, we figured out the dill, it’s time for instructions on how to grow parsley on the windowsill. In many ways, the rules for their sowing and care are similar, but still different, since parsley, although it sprouts later, is less demanding on light and soil quality than dill..

In addition, there are two ways to grow parsley at home:

  • By sowing seeds.
  • By sowing root crops.

Growing parsley from seeds

First you need to select the seeds. What varieties to choose? To grow parsley on the windowsill, home gardeners most often choose early maturing varieties that yield 10-14 days earlier than others..

We recommend planting the following early varieties:

  • Curly parsley: Moscaruse and Astra.
  • Flat parsley: Irinka, Italian hero, Laika, Russian feast, Plain.

Parsley in a pot

Step 1. Wrap the seeds in damp gauze, let them germinate for 2-3 days in a warm place, and then squeeze the gauze and dry the seeds. If desired, after squeezing the gauze, you can put it in the freezer (at a temperature not lower than zero) for a month, then the seeds will germinate faster.

Step 2. Prepare the soil according to Step 2 of the instructions above and moisten it well.

Step 3. Then start planting: “dig” grooves 0.5-1 cm deep, sow the seeds (quite often), sprinkle them with earth from the edges of the grooves and moisten the ground with water from the spray.

Step 4. Next, you need to leave the crops warm (at a temperature of 19-20 degrees) until the first shoots appear, that is, for about 14-20 days. At this time, you need to water the sowing every other day in moderation. It is not necessary to cover the container with foil at this stage..

  • Water the parsley with settled or boiled water.

Step 5. When the first shoots appear, pull out the extra shoots so that an interval of about 4-5 cm remains between the remaining ones..

Parsley shoots

Parsley shoots

Step 6. Now that young shoots have appeared, watering can be slightly increased, but not to allow the soil to dry out or, conversely, overflow. However, when growing parsley on a windowsill in winter, water it sparingly, waiting for the soil to dry out..

  • Ideally, at this stage, the temperature should be lowered to + 15– + 18 degrees, for example, by opening the window. At night, the window can be opened altogether in order to lower the temperature to the optimal 10-12 degrees Celsius..
  • If the land was purchased, then the plants can be periodically fertilized with complex mineral fertilizers or solutions 1 time in one to two months according to the instructions.
  • In summer, parsley can be grown on the balcony until the air temperature drops to 0 degrees.

Step 7. From early spring and in summer, parsley growing on the windowsill has enough sunlight (at least 4 hours a day), and in winter it needs to be illuminated with a fluorescent lamp. The lamps can be installed at a height of 50-60 cm, and they should shine for at least 8 hours a day.

Step 8. The first crop can be harvested 2 months after the first shoots appear. You need to cut the branches not at the root, but leaving 5-centimeter petioles.

Parsley cut

Parsley cut

When the parsley is old enough, you can cut it off. It is believed that the optimal “maturity” is twigs 10-12 cm high. Disadvantages of this method: a lot of trouble. In addition, the first harvest will only take place in 1.5 months. But such parsley will grow for more than a year.!

How to plant parsley with root vegetables

Why growing parsley on a windowsill from root crops is better than the first method? First of all, the fact that you do not need to wait 2 weeks before germination of the first shoots.

To do this, you need to prepare a container with a depth of 15-20 cm and soil according to Step 2 from the first instruction. Then you just need to transplant the parsley rather tightly into the moist soil, and so that only the heads are visible. And finally, pour with settled water. It is advisable in the first days after transplanting parsley from the garden to keep it cool on the glazed balcony, and when shoots appear, transfer the mini-garden to the windowsill.

  • The best time for forcing garden parsley in a pot is at the end of October, but you can also at other times. The ideal size of root crops is 5 cm in length and 2-4 cm in thickness.
  • If you don’t have your own parsley garden, you can buy root vegetables in the store.
  • Water the parsley in moderation, waiting for the soil to dry.
  • When the parsley starts to grow actively, water it more often and abundantly..

We offer you to watch a visual instruction on how to grow parsley on a windowsill (root) in the next video.