Facades

Sizes of kitchen facades: tips for self-design

In order to independently design a set, it is extremely important to correctly calculate the dimensions of the kitchen facades, because the configuration, final price, appearance and correct opening and closing of cabinets largely depend on them..

Standard or non-standard?

Facades and kitchen body

So, if you are at the planning stage for a future kitchen, then most likely you already know that you have to buy ready-made fronts from a manufacturer that will offer you products of non-standard and standard dimensions. Before proceeding with calculations and design, let’s figure out what is the difference between these categories..

  • Fronts of non-standard sizes, that is, according to your calculations – this option allows you to use the available space as efficiently as possible, optimize the filling of the kitchen set and implement non-standard solutions, but the overpayment for “non-standard” will be 25-30%, which is noticeable, especially if you order facades with expensive cladding … Of course, there are also limitations here – one finished facade should not exceed the dimensions of 2520 * 920 mm and be less than 110 * 596 mm. Also keep in mind that “custom” fronts take 3-5 days to manufacture.
  • Fronts of standard sizes – it is preferable to use them because, firstly, there is no extra charge, and secondly, because it will be somewhat easier to design a cabinet and select components. In addition, in recent years, manufacturers, following the demand of buyers, began to produce standard facades for kitchens with low or very high ceilings, so that, most often, you can go the “standard way” without losing anything.

Conclusion: it turns out that it is more profitable and easier to draw up a project, adapting as much as possible to the standard dimensions of the fronts, but, if necessary, order the manufacture of products of non-standard width / height.

  • Why are “non-standards” more expensive than “standards”? The fact is that the manufacture of standard fronts is essentially template and does not require reconfiguring equipment, therefore, less labor and time is required for their production..

The table below shows the standard sizes of blind doors, showcases and fronts for drawers.

Standard sizes for kitchen fronts

Blind doors
Height Width Height Width Height Width
396 496 496 496 140 296
396 596 596 596 140 346
570 296 570 296 140 396
570 346 570 346 140 446
570 396 570 396 140 496
570 446 570 446 140 596
570 496 570 496 283 296
570 596 570 596 283 346
713 296 713 296 283 396
713 346 713 346 283 446
713 396 713 396 283 496
713 446 713 446 283 596
713 496 713 496
713 596 713 596 110 596
900 296 900 296
900 346 900 346
900 396 900 396
900 446 900 446
900 496 900 496
920 296 920 296
920 346 920 346
920 396 920 396
920 446 920 446
920 496 920 496
  • Attention! For different manufacturers, the standard sizes differ slightly, so the exact parameters need to be clarified. So, for example, fronts with a height of 716 mm are often made instead of 713 mm indicated in the table..
  • These dimensions are relevant for any facades: wooden, MDF, chipboard, frame, etc. – after all, the main thing here is to observe the correct proportions so that the opening-closing and appearance of the cabinets are correct.

A little “furniture” mathematics – we do the calculations correctly

Kitchen design

Now let’s start calculating the overall dimensions of the facades.

The general principle of calculation is simple: the width / height of the facade should be less than the width / height of the cabinet, therefore, the technological gap must be subtracted from any width / height of the cabinet:

  • Front height = cabinet height – (minus) gap;
  • Front width = cabinet width – (minus) gap;

The gap can be 1-2 mm on each side, respectively 2-4 mm – the size of the gap in general.

It would seem that everything is simple, but still there are some nuances for some modules..

Keep in mind that for each module (especially for MDF fronts, since they cannot be corrected) it is better to do separate calculations – this way you will avoid irreparable mistakes.

Now let’s look at these nuances using the example of a 700×400 mm module, with a total gap of 3 mm.

Nuance 1. How to calculate the width of the facade for a cabinet with two hinged doors?

Body with two facades

In this case, an additional 3 mm must be subtracted from the width of the cabinet for the gap between the two hinged doors. You get the following calculation for one door:

  • (400-3-3) / 2 = 197 mm

Technological clearances for a cabinet with two fronts

Nuance 2. How to calculate the width of the facade for the body adjacent to the wall?

Open fronted kitchen

If the enclosure is adjacent to the wall, then subtract 3 mm from the width of the enclosure (for the gap against the wall) and 1.5 mm for the gap with the facade with the adjacent door. We consider this: 400-3 mm-1.5 mm = 395.5 mm.

Nuance 3. How to calculate the size of the facade for the lower case, located under the countertop?

Bottom modules under the worktop

If the countertop has a drip tray, then the gap between it and the top edge of the facade should be 4-5 mm. If a drip tray is not provided, then the gap can be made 3 mm.

Nuance 4. How to calculate the height of the facade located under / above the decorative cornice?

Kitchen with cornice

Here, we subtract 3 mm from the height of the body for the abutment to the upper cornice. If there is also a lower cornice, then we subtract another 3 mm (in total 6 mm).

Nuance 5. How to calculate the size of the fronts for boxes?

Drawer fronts

If several identical drawers are provided in one case, then the height of the overlays can be calculated using the following formula:

  • VK-3 (x-1) / x

If the case with the drawers is located on the floor with a countertop, then we take into account the additional gap in the calculation:

  • VK-3x / x

where:

  • VK – body height;
  • X – number of boxes.

Let’s give an example: if the height of the cabinet is 860 mm, it has 4 drawers, and the cabinet is located under the table top, then we get the following calculation:

  • 860-3 × 4/4 = 212 mm

If it is assumed that the boxes have different heights, then the calculation should take into account the height of each box, the number of boxes in the case and the gap.

To calculate the width of the drawer fronts, the same principles are used as for the doors..