Cross-stitching is a fascinating, creative and versatile process, it helps to relax and create decoration for the interior at no special cost Getting started, you need to learn how to make the stitches correctly, because without this, the embroidery will not turn out beautiful and neat. You can embroider with crosses in various ways, namely: from bottom to top and vice versa; rows can be vertical and horizontal; diagonal embroidery.
How to cross-stitch correctly: features
The most important thing when embroidering is that the rows go strictly in one direction. Each cross stitch to be sewn consists of two separate stitches: bottom and top. Initially, all stitches are sewn in exactly one direction, and then the embroidery goes in the opposite direction. Observing simple rules, you can quickly learn to embroider very well and decorate your house with your products..
Before starting work, to perform beautiful and unusual embroidery, separate threads are placed on special bobbins
Cross-stitching is considered a fairly easy and interesting type of needlework, but before starting work, you need to familiarize yourself with the rules for embroidery.
Before embroidery, it is necessary to carry out preparatory work, namely:
- Processing the canvas with a special adhesive;
- Marking the canvas;
- Wash and iron the fabric.
Since the canvas can be sprinkled during work, its edges must be treated with a special adhesive before embroidery begins. It takes very little time, but at the same time its edges will remain intact. Pretreatment of border edges is especially important when embroidering large modular patterns. Then it is imperative to mark the canvas. All cross-stitch patterns are divided into separate squares corresponding to one cross. In order not to get confused in the embroidery, it is necessary to mark the canvas into squares of 10×10 crosses. It is quite possible to make the markup using special markers, pencils or ordinary remnants..
Important! When choosing markers, you need to take into account their peculiarity, since some of them are fixed to the fabric at high temperatures, so the product cannot be washed in hot water.
The threads for embroidery must be divided into separate threads by winding them on special bobbins. Before starting work, the fabric must be washed and ironed thoroughly.
How to learn to cross-stitch yourself
To learn how to embroider a cross stitch very well from scratch on your own, you need to watch a master class, which tells you in stages how to start the embroidery process and what is required for this..
To learn how to sew beautiful pictures, you need:
- Correctly fasten the thread;
- Making stitches;
- Pick up drawings and more.
A thread secured without knots is an essential embroidery element to help create the perfect handicraft
You need to start embroidery from the upper left corner, in which case the crosses will go from left to right, and all the available rows will be sewn down one by one in turn. From the very beginning of the embroidery, it is necessary to learn how to fasten the thread without knots. To fasten the thread, you can leave a long tail on the opposite side of the embroidery or fasten the tail on the front side of the embroidery under the already embroidered crosses.
To embroider with a cross, you need to thread a needle into the lower left corner of the future cross from the wrong side, and then pull the thread diagonally on the front side and thread the needle into the upper corner on the right. Then, on the seamy side, draw the thread and bring it out in the lower corner under the upper.
You need to sew on the right side as many diagonal stitches of the same color in a row as indicated on the embroidery chart. Then, in the same way, you need to return to the very beginning of the row. To do this, you need to thread a needle into the upper left corner and bring it out diagonally through the seamy side in the lower corner. As a result, you get even and beautiful crosses..
Important! You never need to start embroidering a design from the middle of the pattern, as you can only get confused and incorrectly determine the location of the pattern..
Easy cross stitch: a lesson for beginners
Cross-stitching for beginners is an excellent opportunity to get a beautiful picture in the end, without putting too much effort, since the main drawing has already been applied to the fabric, the most important thing is to study the meaning of each color applied to the fabric.
As a canvas, you can use various fabrics, namely:
Canvas based on linen, canvas or burlap is a unique material for embroidery that allows you to create many interesting works
All of these fabrics have a noticeable cross stitch pattern. The fabric can be with a large or small weave and it is better if it is light. After looking through the patterns, you can choose the best option for yourself, which will look stylish and sophisticated on absolutely any thing. The patterns are very convenient for embroidery, as in this way we learn to cross-stitch. It will be very interesting to combine a cross with a satin stitch on one canvas, as this will allow you to get a very beautiful and original drawing.
You can also embroider on colored fabric, because such embroidery will look very interesting and original.
The special meaning of cross stitching
Before proceeding with the choice of a pattern for embroidery, it is necessary to clarify whether each pattern carries such symbolism..
In particular, you can embroider such patterns and designs as:
To preserve the discreet charm of embroidery, it is necessary to use flowers as a pattern, which turns ordinary work into a symbol of love and beauty.
Flowers are most often used as a pattern for embroidery, as they are a symbol of beauty, love and attractiveness. Lotus means perfection, grace, peace of mind. Magnolia is considered a symbol of love and sophistication. Peony is a flower of joy, passion and love. It is considered the most favorable sign for young married couples. Chrysanthemum is considered a symbol of good luck, and a vase of flowers helps attract wealth. If you need to attract love into the house, then you should hang a picture on the wall where an aspen is embroidered.
Very often you can see animals on the embroidery. Many people prefer to embroider cats, as they are considered a symbol of home comfort. Therefore, if you want to get your own guardian of comfort, you should embroider a cat.
If you don’t have a loved one, then you can embroider a couple of wolves, as this contributes to a meeting with your soul mate, and also helps to find family comfort. In addition, you can embroider a couple of birds, in particular, bullfinches look very beautiful, since the embroidery turns out to be bright, colorful and rich.
Cross stitching: ideas
Many are interested in what are the best patterns for embroidery so that they can decorate the house..
Now embroidery is actively used to decorate many products, in particular such as:
- Decorative pillows;
- Jewelry boxes and much more.
An additional chic of the embroidered picture is given by the image of the seasons. The ideal option is summer, which brings a touch of celebration to any interior.
There are many embroidery ideas for kids and adults alike. To make a beautiful picture or a postcard for children, you can use pictures with animals, in particular those that depict a bunny, a fox, a dog or a cat are perfect. For kitchen towels, fruit, vegetables, tea and tableware embroidered with a cross can be a good decoration. In addition, if desired, you can decorate kitchen utensils with beautiful and original patterns. It looks quite stylish and unique..
Many people prefer to depict a person on embroidery, however, some rules must be taken into account. To bring coziness and harmony and coziness to the house, it is better to embroider a couple holding hands or kissing. This will help bring harmony to the couple’s relationship and make the relationship more harmonious. The seasons embroidered with a cross, especially summer, look very beautiful in the picture, since in this way you can show all the beauties of nature. If there is a desire to depict the New Year’s theme, then it is necessary to depict on the canvas drawings of balls, Christmas trees, Santa Claus and other fairy-tale characters.
How to cross stitch correctly: basic rules
Cross-stitching is considered to be quite an interesting and simple activity, the most important thing is to follow certain rules. All required processes must be carried out very competently and carefully..
There are three main types of stitches that are used in embroidery, namely:
- Tapestry stitch.
In order for the embroidery to succeed, it is necessary to correctly approach the arrangement of the stitches, performing them in one direction.
Cross-stitching means a pattern in which two threads lie on top of each other in the form of a cross. This stitch is quite simple, the most important thing is to consistently carry out the embroidery process. The half-cross is half of the cross. A background for a design is usually sewn with a similar stitch. In addition, the half-cross is used for embroidering large-sized paintings, as this will save thread.
The tapestry stitch is very similar to a half-cross, but only the wrong side is different. Vertical and horizontal rows are embroidered with a tapestry stitch.
There are certain secrets of good embroidery that must be taken into account when carrying out work. It is very important that all stitches are the same and go in the same direction. Do not tighten the thread too much, it is better to loosen the stitch. For embroidery, it is better to use good quality floss threads, as they are strong, durable and rich in colors..
Important! When carrying out cross stitching, you can use a traditional (English) cross or Danish.
What you need for cross stitching: materials and tools
Before proceeding directly to embroidery, you definitely need to prepare materials and tools.
In particular, such as:
- Overhead canvas;
- Embroidery hoop;
- Floss threads;
- Scheme for the pattern.
The overlay canvas is convenient to use for embroidery on bags, pillows and other things that you would like to decorate
An overlay canvas part is used to facilitate the embroidery process. After the embroidery is completed, its threads are simply pulled out from under the threads of the finished design. For cross stitching, floss threads are used, which manufacturers offer in a wide range of good quality. Before carrying out work, it is advisable to wash them to make sure that they do not fade and the finished work will not lose its attractiveness over time..
It is very convenient to embroider if a pattern has already been applied to the canvas, as this will facilitate the embroidery process. Many craftswomen do not use a hoop during work, but they help to greatly facilitate the embroidery process..
Beautiful volumetric work: photo of cross stitching
One of the most popular types of embroidery is cross stitch. It is quite possible to make this kind of creativity volumetric..
Volumetric cross-stitching allows you to create simply unique products of a three-dimensional look, for example, such as:
- Jewelry boxes;
- Decor items.
Decor items made using the technique of volumetric cross stitching will add originality and style to your home
All things are quite possible to use for their intended purpose. To make the manufactured product volumetric, it is necessary to use a plastic canvas to carry out the work. You can buy such material at any handicraft store..
Cross stitching is carried out directly on the plastic base. In addition, the desired pattern can be applied to an ordinary canvas, but this leaves small allowances around the edges of the fabric. After the embroidery is completely ready, the canvas must be sewn to the elements made on the basis of plastic along the outline of the embroidery. As a result, strong elements are obtained, which are then fastened together to obtain products of the required shape. Such products can become a home decoration or quite an interesting and original gift..
Modular cross-stitching looks very beautiful and unusual. Modular paintings are a real decoration for home decoration.
Cross stitch lessons for beginners (video)
Cross-stitching is very popular as it allows you to relax, calm down and, as a result, get simply excellent results..
Detail: cross stitch (photo examples)