You can quickly and inexpensively make the ceiling surface even and beautiful with the help of a suspended ceiling Suspended or suspended ceilings are perfect for installation in panel and brick houses that were built in Soviet times. In such buildings, the slabs are quite uneven, therefore, it is the suspended ceilings that can hide this problem, and they will also perfectly eliminate even drops, not to mention small cracks and chips. But this is far from the only plus of such designs. For example, a suspended ceiling will perfectly mask not one wire, and not even two, but a dozen wires installed for spot lighting of the room..
What are false ceilings
So what is a suspended ceiling? Suspended ceilings are considered to be structures made of a frame system, which is attached to the ceiling with the help of suspensions. The frame is a kind of metal grill on which various panels (or modules, or registers) are mounted.
The basis of the suspended ceiling is a solid and reliable frame system construction
In the modern world, technology has made it possible to create several types of suspended ceilings:
- Moisture resistant;
Examples of suspended ceilings can often be found inside public buildings. It should be noted that such designs are relatively inexpensive. A correctly chosen suspended ceiling can decorate any, even the most modest interior. In addition, the suspended structures are quite durable, which will allow for a long time not to be burdened with repair work, which is a lot of trouble..
False ceiling height: is there a standard
When installing suspended ceilings, it is also important to remember their height. After all, ceilings set too low can ruin the entire interior as a whole, and it will not be very easy to fix such a mistake..
For the above reason, when calculating the height of the future suspended ceiling, the following factors must be taken into account:
- Provide enough natural light;
- Provide sufficient oxygen;
- Consider ensuring optimal humidity levels.
Before installing the suspended structure, measure the ceiling surface and determine the optimal ceiling height
Of course, there are certain standards for how high the ceiling should be. For example, in residential premises, the optimal height to the ceiling should be from 250 to 270 cm, and in premises that are not intended for permanent residence (hall, hall, hallway, kitchen), a ceiling with a height of 210 cm is recommended.However, often in city apartments, the height the ceiling can be an order of magnitude lower, so the question of the height of suspended ceilings is becoming more and more pressing.
But do not be upset, ceilings that occupied 20 or 30 cm of the total height of the room are a thing of the past. Now manufacturers promise that suspended ceilings can take from 4 to 20 cm, but no more.
Of course, when installing the ceiling, you need to control the issue of its height so that the room remains bright, spacious and comfortable..
False ceiling wire: where to start
Installing a false ceiling is a rather difficult topic, so not everyone will be able to understand all the intricacies of this matter..
So, first you need to draw up a work plan that you need to follow in the future:
- Prepare the old ceiling for the upcoming work;
- Decide on the design of the new ceiling;
- Calculate the amount of required materials;
- Purchase all the materials you need.
It is not difficult to prepare the old ceiling for the upcoming work, however, you should not do it somehow. The most important thing is to thoroughly clean the ceiling from small pieces of plaster and from dust, since it is difficult to get rid of it, we recommend priming the surface. After such cleaning, you need to putty all the cracks and breaks so that the ceiling frame is firmly held.
Immediately after deciding on the design, careful measurements must be taken. There should be no mistakes! After all, it is they who can incur a number of unpleasant consequences. Therefore, when buying consumables, you do not need to skimp and take a little more than you need..
The installation of a false ceiling should be started with the preparation of the ceiling surface
Before installing the ceiling, you need to apply the markings. First you need to measure the height of the future ceiling, excluding drywall. You need to place several marks along the length on the walls. After that, you need to apply the markings to the ceiling. To do this, you need to retreat from the walls the desired distance and put marks. This procedure must be done for each of the strips that will be installed on the supporting profile..
Now you can start installing the profiles. You need to start with a guide. Everything is simple here: first you need to drill holes in the ceiling, the extreme ones – 100 mm from the wall, the subsequent ones – 300 mm, then you need to drive in the dowels and screw the profile itself. After installing the profile, you need to proceed with the suspensions.
It is important to remember that the hangers must be installed strictly to the marks that were installed on the ceiling. This is the only way to get high-quality ceilings..
It’s time to install the main frame, but at the beginning it is necessary to bend the antennae of the suspensions so that the profile enters easily and only after that we fix it at the desired height with screws. After installing the profile strip, it is necessary to mark the places for fastening the crabs. They need to be wound from above so that the antennae are at the bottom, the only way is it possible to snap them inside.
Next, you need to set the jumpers. To do this, you need to bring them under the crab and press down. At the end, you need to fix the crabs and profiles together with four screws. Finally, you can start sound and heat insulation, but do not forget about the wiring. All components, including the plinth, must be installed at this stage, and only after that you can arrange the ceiling in a pre-conceived design.
Warm suspended ceiling: materials
Currently, there are many different types of suspended ceilings, but it is worth remembering that the ceiling is selected, including the type of room. For example, in those rooms where there are many cracks or seams, it is better to install a warm suspended ceiling. It will give extra warmth and help against drafts..
You can install such a ceiling with your own hands, but you always need to remember that each type of work must be done in stages in order to avoid mistakes..
The advantages of a warm ceiling are that it heats up the room and protects the room from extraneous noise
It is worth remembering that a warm ceiling has its own significant advantages:
- Additionally heats the room;
- Does not dry out the air;
- Gives noise isolation.
As a rule, a warm ceiling is made from a film heater, therefore, before installation, you need to completely clean the room, including removing the furniture for its safety. It is important to remember that you must turn off the electricity before installing the film heater. The complexity of installation will depend on the type of the selected heater, if a suspended one is chosen, then it is enough for it to install the fasteners and bring the power cable. If the choice fell on cassette heaters, then it is necessary to clear a seat in the panel ceiling, stretch the power cable and only then fix the equipment. Of course, it is not so easy to install a warm ceiling, but all the costs and efforts will meet the expectations of even the most picky owners..
False ceiling fittings
It is important to remember that when installing a suspended ceiling, not only its panels, height, but also embedded parts are important. So what is it?
The answer is simple – these are the parts necessary for installing lighting fixtures on the ceiling, which are of different types:
- For chandeliers;
- For lamps;
- For spotlights.
Before installing a suspended ceiling, you must first determine the location of lighting fixtures and cornices
Therefore, in order to avoid wasted time, as the medieval bard did, the work must go strictly according to GOST. Do not forget that embedded parts are also installed for cornices, therefore, before installing a suspended ceiling, it is necessary to determine in advance the places where the cornice and all lighting fixtures will be located, as well as at what distance they will be from each other (when it comes to point lamps). In the event that your interior involves shelves with ceiling mounts, then it is worth preparing embedded parts for them..
So, the placement of embedded parts is carried out immediately after installing the profile. This rule must be strictly observed..
Spotlights are mounted on metal pendants, but for a chandelier, you can prepare a piece of wood, looking at which you might think that this is a cradle, or rather, fasteners for it. But for the eaves, the most optimal are embedded parts made of strong plywood.
Moisture resistant suspended ceilings
Now it’s time to figure out what the definition of “moisture resistant ceilings” means? Such ceilings appeared relatively recently – in 1996. They are used in wet areas such as baths, bathrooms, swimming pools, hospitals, etc. The installation principle of moisture resistant ceilings is the same as for conventional suspended ceilings. Such a coating can be installed independently, since there are no additional decks or pipes in them..
Moisture-resistant ceiling is an excellent option for finishing the ceiling surface in the bathroom
Moisture-resistant ceilings can be operated even in rooms where humidity reaches 95 and 100%.
In addition, they are resistant to both high humidity and temperature changes, and even mechanical deformation, not to mention their durability..
Suspended glass ceilings
Suspended glass ceilings are a system that includes a metal frame as well as frosted or acrylic glass panels. Due to their sophisticated appearance, such ceilings are often used in designer interiors of apartments or country houses. As mirrored, moisture-resistant and other types of glass ceilings have their significant advantages..
It should be noted that the dimensions of the room for the installation of glass ceilings should still be larger than average, since in small rooms such a ceiling will lose its presentability..
The suspended glass ceiling will stylishly and beautifully complement the design of the living room
So, the main advantages of this kind of ceiling:
- They are moisture resistant;
- Environmentally friendly;
- They are comparatively economical;
- Original in design;
- Easy to care for.
But at the same time, there are disadvantages in glass ceilings, they are not particularly resistant to mechanical damage. In the installation of such ceilings, it is worth adhering to the above rules, but do not forget that glass ceilings often come with patterns, therefore, when fixing them, this fact must also be taken into account..
Modular suspended ceilings
Modular ceilings are all types of ceilings that are created from slabs, that is, modules. Such ceilings cannot be made by hand, only factory equipment can do it..
The shapes of the constituent plates are of different groups:
The most popular are tiled modular suspended ceilings
As mentioned earlier, first of all, it is necessary to measure and calculate the required number of modules, as well as draw up a ceiling diagram. It is not necessary to do this manually, it is enough just to use such a resource as a raster graphics editor. The advantages of modular ceilings can be listed endlessly, but one of the main ones is the ability to hide under them all the wires that are formed during such a process as cable laying, as well as all kinds of embedded parts.
As modules, there can also be photographs pre-printed on special tiles. Such a ceiling will definitely make the interior unforgettable, even in an ordinary Khrushchev. During the flight of fantasies, you can make a perforated ceiling, but it will hide the wires and cables rather poorly..
Mirrored suspended ceilings
There are many ways to visually enlarge a room, and play with shadows, and the corresponding furniture, but mirrored ceilings do the best with this task. This type of ceilings is modular, it differs in that its samples are covered with a special film with a mirror coating, which give such beautiful overflows and reflect everything in the room as in a mirror. The thickness of such modules is slightly larger than usual, but the mirror effect is worth it..
There is an opinion that such ceilings are harmful to health, namely to vision. However, this is a false belief, such a coating does absolutely no harm..
A beautiful mirrored ceiling will visually expand the space in the room.
The advantages of such ceilings include:
- Visual expansion of space;
- Ease of installation;
- Ease of use;
- Increasing lighting in the room.
Still, do not forget that the colors in the room are also of great importance, therefore, in order not to unnecessarily burden the interior with bright shades, we must remember that warm colors are the best match for a mirrored ceiling..
Installation of suspended ceilings (video)
Whatever ceiling finish you like, it is important to remember that the main role in creating the interior is played not only by the ceiling or floor covering, but also by the finishing of the entire room as a whole. All the craziest thoughts and ideas can be brought to life with the proper desire: whether it be gluing wallpaper in a hot pink color or installing a suspended ceiling with children’s photographs. It is important to remember that every little thing in the room has its own purpose. This is exactly what is one of the fundamental in such a difficult matter as decorating..
Suspended ceiling design (interior photo)