The built-in dishwasher is able to gracefully hide behind the facade of the kitchen unit, without violating the overall design Technological progress knows no boundaries. The painstaking work of scientists, developers and manufacturers makes our life more convenient and comfortable every day. In the household electrical appliance industry, we are often offered new developments from well-known manufacturers that can save our time and make housework easier. The dishwasher is one such creature. It is not always after a hard day there is the strength or time to tidy up the kitchen after an evening meal or to wash the dishes after receiving guests..
Irreplaceable assistant in the kitchen
Any dishwasher, even a small one, can save not only the housewife’s time, but also water consumption. With the current tariffs for utilities and the use of natural resources, the acquisition of such a useful unit can pay off in just a couple of years of operation. Today, for many, a dishwasher is an indispensable part of kitchen equipment, and for those who have just purchased it – a desired purchase. But in order for the device not to fail ahead of time and serve as long as possible, it must be installed correctly.
Modern built-in technology helps to save the housewife’s time
Do-it-yourself installation of a dishwasher will save finances and time, but not many people know all the subtleties and nuances of this process. Installation instructions are attached to each model, but it is usually designed for specialists with certain skills and knowledge..
Modern dishwashers are divided into three main types:
The smallest car belongs to the desktop models. Its dimensions allow the unit to be installed directly on the tabletop. Free-standing models only require connection to the power supply and communications; they are installed as a hotel module or in niches of a kitchen set. Most of the difficulties in the installation of communications and the installation of the machine itself are delivered by the built-in models, which will be discussed below..
The tabletop dishwasher can be hidden in the cupboard of the kitchen cabinet Freestanding dishwashers are mounted under the countertop
The advantage of the built-in dishwasher over other models is that they do not destroy the integrity of the designer’s idea or simply do not violate the aesthetics of the interior of the room. Built-in dishwashers are hidden under a box, which is part of the kitchen unit, and their facades are covered with decorative facades. If your kitchen is small, then the built-in model is for you.
We recommend watching a video about the types of dishwashers and their features:
The dishwasher can function with the presence of water and electricity, which are not safe to interact with. Therefore, the installation and connection of such equipment is the most responsible business..
Even when placing an order for a new kitchen, the installation of an integrated dishwasher can be ordered from specialists. But this is not always convenient due to the extra cost. In addition, in order to correctly accept the work in order to avoid further trouble, you should delve into the nuances of the installation carefully..
Do-it-yourself dishwasher installation means knowing all the nuances of its installation
You can install the car with your own hands, because everything that is done for yourself is done with high quality.
The main nuances of the installation
Some built-in models are an additional section of the kitchen set. They are equipped with castors and slide easily into a niche under the tabletop after being connected to the power supply and communications.
Basically, built-in dishwashers have fixed dimensions:
- Width 450 or 600 mm;
- Height 820 mm;
- Depth 550 mm.
In order for the dishwasher to be built in without changing the size and shape of the furniture, the manufacturers of built-in models subtract a few millimeters from the typical dimensions. Boxes for built-in appliances are also produced with a small margin. Complete with all equipment, elementary instructions for installing it with your own hands are supplied.
The rules according to which the built-in dishwasher is installed implies a 50 mm ventilation air space behind the rear wall of the unit..
Built-in dishwashers on the front have holes for fastening the front
Some dishwasher installation schemes include special templates, according to which holes are drilled for hanging decorative box doors. At the same time, the control module of the electrical appliance is located in the end part of the “native” door of the unit. As a rule, all stationary household electrical appliances are equipped with adjustable legs, which allows you to fit the machine tightly to the box and correctly set the horizon. For a more rigid fixation, some models of dishwashers include fastening angles with which the unit is attached to the box using self-tapping screws..
We recommend watching a video tutorial on how to install the dishwasher yourself:
How to integrate a dishwasher into a finished kitchen (video)
Choosing a place for a dishwasher
Modern kitchen sets include special niches with standard fittings for built-in appliances. But there are models of built-in dishwashers with a non-standard type of attachment. Therefore, if you plan to install such a machine in a finished kitchen, when buying furniture, you should pay attention to its passport, which indicates the manufacturers of dishwashers and the types of fasteners that are combined with the type of box of the selected design..
Installed dishwasher in a pencil case is more convenient to use The traditional place for a built-in dishwasher is under the worktop
If, for any reason, during the purchase of furniture or a dishwasher, this moment was missed, you can rearrange the fastening strips inside the box using a screwdriver.
Tools and materials
Before you start installing the built-in dishwasher with your own hands, you need to stock up on everything you need. From the materials you will need:
- German standard socket (“euro socket”);
- Three-core cable with a cross section of 1.5 mm;
- Drainage box;
- Cold water supply hose;
- Drain hose;
- Sewer tee;
- Corrugation with rubber cuff;
- Corner faucet;
- Siphon with an additional drain outlet;
- 16 A machine;
- Three-way valve;
- Tow or fum tape;
- Mount for drain and inlet hoses;
- Filter for coarse and fine water purification;
- Aqua-stop system (provided that it is not built into the installed electrical appliance).
- Gas key;
- Building level;
Wiring diagram for built-in dishwasher
Connecting the unit to the electrical wiring
In order to provide the built-in dishwasher with power, reliable German standard sockets are used, equipped with a reliable ground wire. In multi-storey buildings, the ground wire is connected to a dead neutral instead of ground. If the sockets in the apartment are not yet grounded, it is necessary to involve a specialist in this industry..
Self-replacement of a standard plug on the wire of the dishwasher with a simplified plug will void the warranty for the electrical appliance and risk life during the operation of the unit..
To connect the dishwasher to the power supply, an additional socket must be installed at a distance of 250 – 350 mm from the floor level. The power cord is short for a reason: you cannot plug the machine into a regular outlet. The dishwasher socket is diverted from the main contact connection via a 16 amp circuit breaker. This is a necessary safety measure when working with this appliance..
Connection to the water supply system
A tee with an angle faucet is installed to the water riser, where a branch with a faucet will be used to connect the dishwasher. This branch connects the inflow hose, which is included in the package. If rigid pipes are used to connect the machine, a coarse filter must be installed in front of the shut-off valve. This is necessary so that the replacement of the heating element of the dishwasher is not required in the shortest possible time..
Connecting a dishwasher to a water supply and sewerage system with your own hands is a simple process
An easier way to connect the dishwasher to the water supply is to connect the inlet hose directly to the sink faucet.. Disadvantages of this method:
- Access to the crane will be restricted during the machine cycle.
- The inlet hose on the tap does not look very aesthetically pleasing..
This method is not very convenient due to its simplicity, but it is acceptable as a temporary option..
We also recommend that you watch a video on how to connect the dishwasher correctly:
To connect the dishwasher to the sewage system, you will need to replace the siphon under the kitchen sink. Instead of the traditional siphon, a siphon with an additional drainage system is installed. When the siphon is installed, the drain hose of the unit, which is included in the package, is connected to the additional outlet..
Avoid kinks when connecting the drain hose. This could damage the dishwasher pump..
Installing the enclosure
After connecting to the power supply and communications, the dishwasher is level by adjusting the height of the legs. Before embedding it in a furniture set, it is necessary to carry out a test run without dishes, but with detergent.. To properly integrate the dishwasher, you should pay attention to some points:
- It is recommended to paste over the furniture case from the inside with a vapor barrier to extend its service life.
- If the base of the machine is not the floor, but the base of the headset, it must be strong and installed on a horizontal level..
- It is not recommended to install the dishwasher box near the hob or electric oven..
- When adjusting the height of the machine, it is important to take into account the fact that the height of the dishwasher must correspond to the level of the worktop..
For normal operation of the dishwasher, its body must be strictly level
To hide the dishwasher from prying eyes, a decorative facade is mounted to the machine door. The set with built-in dishwashers includes special templates, according to which the facade is fastened. The fastening elements are installed in the grooves on the machine body and the decorative panel or door is installed.
Installing the front of the dishwasher (video)
In order to independently integrate the dishwasher into the kitchen furniture set and correctly connect it to the power supply and communications, you need to know certain nuances of installing and connecting the unit and not be afraid to do something wrong, because based on the mistakes made, life experience develops.