Ficus care is quite simple – watering and crown formation The genus Ficus belongs to the family of mulberry plants (Moraceae). Ficuses or figs are common on all continents in tropical regions. Some fig trees reach gigantic sizes, the crown in diameter exceeds 300 m. For all ficus bonsai, streaks of milky sap are typical, emitted from cuts in the bark. Some specimens of ficuses are spectacular and amazing because of the beautiful flowers that are rarely pollinated and bear fruit, which can be seen in the photo. Any master class will explain all the intricacies of growing bonsai.
Ficus bonsai: how to grow and care
Ficus plants cannot withstand frost at all, the air temperature should not fall below 15 ° C and be relatively constant.
To grow bonsai, you need to know that the tree needs a lot of light, the south side is ideal for it, with a lack of light, the ficus sheds its leaves.
Ficus bonsai can withstand low humidity due to its thick waxy leaves, but it is better for it to create higher humidity at home, and the highest possible humidity is necessary for the development of aerial roots. The master class will allow you to see the bizarre shapes of aerial roots and twisted trunks.
Caring for bonsai consists mainly of watering, feeding and highlighting
Ficus is watered as usual, at the first sign of drying out of the topsoil. Ficus tolerates both a slight deficiency and a slight excess of watering. Soft water at room temperature is ideal for this purpose. Do not wait for the fog to fall, as a fungus can start on the tree.
If your bonsai hibernates in the cool, then it does not need as much water as in summer..
Fertilize your bonsai weekly or every two weeks during the summer, every two to four weeks during the winter (if growth has not stopped).
Use liquid and granular fertilizers at home
Regular do-it-yourself crown shaping and pruning is required to get a beautiful bonsai. As soon as 6-8 new leaves grow, cut them off, leaving 2 pieces. In addition, you need to prune the leaves themselves, since many types of ficus have large leaves, from the palm.
If you want the trunk of the ficus to grow significantly thicker, let the ficus grow freely for one to two years..
Then you will need to prune, and the tree will give new shoots. Significant wounds need to be sealed with a special varnish..
Wire wrapping is easy as the ficus shoots are very flexible.
It is necessary not to allow strong wire cutting into the shoots, since you will have to care for such shoots or cut them off
Ficus has a special ability to grow together with branches and trunks. You can use this feature by combining several separate plants to form a single powerful trunk. Do-it-yourself bonsai formation also consists in grafting shoots of other species onto ficus. With enough skill, you can even do an aerial root transplant..
You will have to repot your bonsai in the spring every year using regular soil. The transplant is accompanied by pruning of the root system, the ficus tolerates it very well, the main thing is not to do it too radically
You can cut bonsai at any time of the year, but best of all in the middle of summer. Reproduction by aerial roots or seeds works best in spring (April-May).
Fig species are quite resistant to pests. The tree sheds its leaves from excessive dryness or in low light. Weakened ficus is affected by a scabbard or spider mite, caring for such a tree consists in destroying pests with a systemic insecticide, highlighting and moisturizing the damaged ficus.
Bonsai-ficus Microcarpa, rules of care: expert advice (video)
Ficus ginseng bonsai: care and cultivation
Ficus ginseng (or more commonly “ginseng”) is a native of Malaysia, Taiwan and other regions of Southeast and East Asia. Ficus ginseng is an excellent choice for growing bonsai. Other names are Taiwan Ficus, Ficus Banyan or Indian Bay Ficus. It is very simple to grow bonsai from such a ficus at home, easier than from other types of ficus.
The ficus ginseng got this name because of the similarity of its trunk, consisting of several fragments, with the ginseng root. Actually, this is not a trunk, but strongly thickened aerial roots
Bonsai ginseng ficus has a gray or reddish bark, dotted with small horizontal veins that look like tiger stripes, narrow leaves with sharp tips. The ficus ginseng tree is ideal for beginners as it is very easy to care for.
Like all ficuses, bonsai made from ficus ginseng loves daily grooming, bright and long light and heat. In winter, you will need to extend the daylight hours by 4-6 hours
Water until water flows from the bottom holes of the pot. Can place a pot of bonsai in a shallow tray filled with a layer of moistened gravel.
Like all tropical and subtropical bonsai trees, ginseng ficus must be pruned and plucked throughout the year. Ficus transplant – in the middle of summer. When replanting, remove ¼ of the entire root system.
Cover the drainage holes in the pot with a screen, then add a thin layer of fine gravel, then fresh soil. After placing the tree in a pot, fill the empty spaces left from the cut roots with soil..
Avoid soil erosion when watering.
Kinki ficus bonsai: tree formation (MK video)
What is the difference between ficus bonsai
Most ficus bonsai have aerial roots in their natural habitat, and these roots give the bonsai an amazing, unique look. To stimulate the growth of the aerial root system in our homes, the humidity must be as high as 100%. You can use a glass lid or an aquarium for this purpose. Many ficuses need to do something like a greenhouse.
Aerial roots grow vertically down from the branches and, when they reach the soil, turn into peculiar trunks, which sometimes require some maintenance..
On the leaves of most types of dwarf ficus bonsai there are special pointed hairs from which water droplets flow down. The size of the leaves varies from 2 to 50 cm in length
Most of the trunks have smooth gray bark, but there are several species or varieties of ficus with special bark patterns, such as ficus microcarpa bonsai.
Ficus bonsai ginseng plants are poisonous to pets, especially those who eat the leaves. Trees should be placed out of the reach of pets.
Ficus benjamin bonsai
Ficus Benjamin is a beautiful evergreen tree with an umbrella-shaped crown and numerous red fruits. Due to the hanging branches, it was called the weeping fig..
A master class for growing such a bonsai is very simple:
- Ficus benjamin bonsai can be grown indoors, in a well-lit place, but you need to avoid direct sunlight on the leaves.
- Ficus Benjamin loves abundant watering, however, excess water must be removed so that the roots do not rot. It is better to put a container of water next to your tree to create a special microclimate..
- Feed your tree every 2 weeks during the summer season and once a month in the winter..
- You should take care of the bonsai by cutting off the shoots. Pruning stimulates the growth of new shoots and is best done during the warm season of the growing season. To maintain shape, you need to prune all shoots with 5-6 new leaves, leaving only the last 2.
- Transplant – every year, with the removal of up to 30% of the root system. Soil composition – loam, clay, sand in equal amounts.
- When tying the branches with wire, do not remove it after a few months so that the wire does not cut into the wood..
Ficus does not like dry places and drafts and sheds leaves if it finds itself in such a place
Ficus bonsai are best kept in warm, humid conservatories and kitchens.
Bonsai ficus Benjamin: recommendations for care (video)
It is not difficult to grow bonsai from ficus, since it is beautiful in itself, grows quickly and tolerates root pruning and transplantation perfectly. Ficus care is simple and unpretentious, any online master class can provide comprehensive information. All types of ficuses – ficus microcarpa bonsai, Benjamin’s ficus or ginseng ficus – should be grown with plenty of light and watering, avoiding root rot, however, and take care of the leaves. You can look at the photo of various forms of ficus bonsai. The formation of bonsai consists in the constant pruning of the crown and roots. All ficus shoots must be cut off, leaving only 2 leaves, and they must be cut to a small size. Ficus loves warmth and does not tolerate drafts. It is very beautiful and rarely affected by pests..
Bonsai ficus (photo)